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Why Are Your Eyes Dry?

The severity of dry eyes differs from person to person, but the problem is a common one and happens when your eyes don’t produce enough tears or produce poor quality tears. Dry eyes can cause those peepers to be very uncomfortable and may produce burning or stinging. Some experience the symptoms of dry eyes in certain situations like on airplanes or in air-conditioned rooms. But some people experience them all the time, no matter the climate or temperature. Read on to learn not only what can cause your eyes to be dry but how you can treat this common problem, too.

For more information from the top Orange County Lasik center regarding dry eyes and vision treatment, contact Advanced Eye Medical today.

What Causes Dry Eyes?

There are a variety of causes for dry eyes including exposure to a dry climate (like in the desert or on an airplane), air conditioning or a heater in the winter, or it might simply be a result of a lack of balance in your tears. Our tears are a combination of water, oils, mucus and antibodies that help to keep infection at bay. Tears come from the glands around our eyes and dry eyes can be a confirmation that this tear system is out of whack.

Other causes for dry eyes include aging, going through menopause (dry eyes are more common for women than men), side effects of certain drugs such as antihistamines, problems with your eyelids not closing properly or even certain diseases that can impact our ability to make tears.

Dry Eye Symptoms

When tears don’t provide us with enough moisture for our eyes, the following symptoms might be present:

  • A burning or stinging sensation.
  • A gritty feeling, like there is something in your eye.
  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Blurry vision or eye fatigue.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Stringy mucus in or around your eyes.

You also might experience difficulty wearing contact lenses or driving at night if you suffer from dry eyes. Chronic dry eye sufferers can sometimes experience an increase in eye infections because, without adequate tears, there is little protection for the surface of the eye. If left untreated, dry eyes can actually cause damage to the corneal surface, eye inflammation, corneal ulcers and vision problems.

Dry Eye Treatment and Prevention

If you recognize any of the symptoms mentioned above and find yourself suffering from chronic dry eyes, it’s important to recognize the situations that are causing your symptoms and then avoid them to prevent any further issues.

For example, you may need to avoid situations where air is blowing into your eyes. This type of situation can be caused by car heaters, air conditioners, fans and even hair dryers. If necessary, add moisture to the air but using a humidifier, especially during the dry and cold winter months.

Protective eye wear can also be an important deterrent to dry eyes. Be sure to ask your eye care professional about wrap-around sunglasses and protective shields for the tops and/or sides of your glasses. This can help keep the wind and dry air for irritating your eyes.

If you spend much of your time reading and/or working on a computer, you are more susceptible to dry eyes. It’s important to take breaks during long tasks where you have to have intense visual concentration. Close your eyes or blink repeatedly to help spread your tears evenly and insure your eyes are coated with moisture. You can also position your computer monitor below eye level. This will allow you to not have to open your eyes as wide to see the screen and focus, which slows the evaporation of your tears in between blinking.

If you live or find yourself traveling to high altitudes or in desert areas, you know the air is extremely dry. You might find the need to close your eyes frequently for several minutes to help minimize the evaporation of your tears. You can also use eye drops for chronic dry eyes. If in a dry environment, you should use them even if your eyes feel fine to help keep them well-lubricated.

Orange County Lasik Center

Just like any health checkup, it is important to get your eyes checked regularly. If you suffer from chronic dry eyes, visit Dr. Ghosheh and his team at Advanced Eye Medical. Don’t let issues with your vision become a more serious health issue. Schedule your consultation today with the premier Orange County Lasik eye center today.

The Dangers of Neglecting Our Eyes

As age begins to creep up on all of us, the inevitable aches and pains start to become more prevalent. Our joints don’t work quite as well as they used to. We wake up with back, shoulder or neck pain we never noticed before. And around age 40, many of us notice that our eye sight isn’t as sharp as it used to be.

If you have further questions or concerns about your eye health and options for treatment, Advanced Eye Medical takes pride in providing state of the art procedures such as custom cataract surgery in Orange County.

Age brings with it its own set of health challenges and without proper care your eyes can really deteriorate as you age. Read on to learn what signs to be aware of and how to prevent problems before they start.

Dry Eyes

Dry eyes are a common problem and happen when our tear glands can’t produce enough tears or produce low-quality tears. Symptoms include itching, burning and red eyes. If left untreated, vision loss can occur. Common treatments include using a humidifier and special eye drops that simulate tears.

Tearing

The opposite of dry eyes is tearing, when your eyes produce too many tears. This can happen if you are sensitive to light, wind or temperature changes. Common treatment includes wearing sunglasses to shield your eyes. If not addressed properly, you can develop an eye infection or you may suffer from a more serious issue like a blocked tear duct. Check with your eye doctor if your symptoms worsen.

Floaters

Ever notice any tiny spots or specks that drift across your field of vision? These are called floaters and you are most likely to notice them in well-lit rooms or outside on a very bright day. Floaters are a normal occurrence but if you notice them along with a flash of light, it be a more serious issue, such as your retina being detached from the back of your eye. Keep an eye (no pun intended) on the number of spots or flashes you see and if you notice a difference, check with your eye doctor.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is what happens when you can no longer read that restaurant menu or see any other close objects or small print clearly. This is perfectly normal as we age and is easily treated with reading glasses or contacts.

Cataracts

Many older adults suffer from cataracts or cloudy areas that cover all or part of the lens of the eye. Cataracts form slowly, without pain, redness or tearing and will begin to block the lens of your eye making it difficult to see. Some cataracts stay small but those that don’t require surgery to remove.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma happens when there is too much pressure inside your eye. If not caught early, permanent vision loss and blindness can occur. Symptoms and pain may not be present until it is too late so make sure you get your eyes regularly checked. Treatment includes prescription eye drops, other medication or surgery.

Other Disorders and Symptoms

Retinal disorders such as macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, retinal vessel occlusions and a detached retina all affect the thin lining on the back of the eye. Another reason to get regular eye checkups as early detection and treatment of these issues can help you keep vision loss to a minimum.

Conjunctivitis is common and happens when the tissue covering your eye gets inflamed. This inflammation can come from an infection, allergies or exposure to chemicals or other irritants. Symptoms include burning, itching, red eyes or the feeling that something is actually in your eye.

Corneal disease is much more serious and can happen from disease, infection, an injury or exposure to toxins. The cornea is what allows the eye to focus light. Symptoms include pain, redness, reduced vision, watery eyes or a “halo” effect. Treatment includes glasses, medicated eye drops or surgery for more severe cases.

As we get older, drooping or twitching eye lids can cause all kinds of problems. If you eyelid isn’t functioning the way it should, it can’t properly protect your eyes, spread out your tears and limit the amount of light. You might experience pain, itching, tearing and the outer edges of your lids might become inflamed. Treatment options include medication and surgery in more severe cases.

Eye Exam & Custom Cataract Surgery in Orange County

Just like any health checkup, it is important to get your eyes checked regularly. If you are suffering from any of the issues mentioned above, visit Dr. Ghosheh and his team at Advanced Eye Medical. Don’t let issues with your vision become permanent. Schedule your consultation today to find out more about custom cataract surgery in Orange County.

How Does Dry, Cold Weather Affect Our Eyes?

When the weather gets cold, we all remember to put on our scarves, boots and heavy coats. However, you may be forgetting to protect your eyes from the harsh weather as well. The winter season can bring about some uncomfortable and irritating symptoms for your eyes. If you ever feel like your eyes bother you particularly in the cold, winter months, you’re definitely not alone. Lots of people struggle with dry, itchy eyes during the winter.

For more information on eye treatment and LASIK in Orange County, click here.

Dry Eyes

With all the dry wind and cold temperatures, your eyes can quickly become dried out. In extreme conditions your eyes cannot keep up with producing enough tears to keep you comfortable. And if you think escaping the cold weather indoors will help, think again. In most homes, offices and businesses, the humidity levels will be lower because the heat is on and the windows are closed.

To combat your dry eyes, you should try a few things:

  • In windy weather or when exercising outside, protect your eyes with glasses or goggles.
  • Using a humidifier can help keep/add moisture to air and keep your eyes from drying out. As a bonus, using a humidifier when you get a winter cold can also help you feel better.
  • To stimulate tear production, you can take omega-3 supplements.
  • Your doctor can prescribe you eye drops that will lubricate your eyes.
  • Decrease some medications that can reduce your ability to produce tears, like antihistamines, sleeping pills and pain relievers.

Excessive Tearing

Some people notice that their eyes tear up more in the winter time and during a windy day rather than their eyes drying out. This can cause some annoyances, like constantly rubbing or wiping your eyes and your vision becoming blurry.

So, what do you when your eyes won’t stop tearing up? Try this:

  • Where sunglasses or goggles while outside, or at the very least while playing sports outside, like you would with dry eyes.
  • When you wipe your eyes, make sure that the cloth you are using is clean. Otherwise, you may be making the tearing worse by adding dust or dirt particles into the mix. You could also potentially spread germs if the cloth is not clean.

Swollen, Red eyes

Another symptom people may notice during cold, windy weather is their eyes becoming red and swollen. This may happen because the blood vessels in the tissue around the eyes can become constricted. This can also lead to other unpleasant symptoms, like blurry vision, eyelid spasms or excessive tearing.

To help de-puff and bring your eyes back to a normal color, try this:

  • Again, wearing sunglasses or goggles while outdoors can greatly help your eyes return to normal. It’s important that these glasses have UV protection, especially in the winter when UV rays can be reflected from the snow and ice on the ground.
  • Your doctor can prescribe you eye drops that will help your eyes.

Burning Eyes

If the weather is extremely cold, make sure not to force your eyes open as your cornea can actually freeze. This will result in pain, blurry vision, eyelid spasms and sensitivity to light.

To help your eyes, try this:

  • Like before, make sure to wear protective sunglasses or goggles when outdoors in extreme temperatures.
  • If you are experiencing any pain or a strong burning sensation, make sure to contact your doctor immediately.

Eye Treatment and LASIK in Orange County

In all of these types of situations, protecting your eyes is extremely important. Dr. Ghosheh and team at Advanced Eye Medical are here to help protect your eyes as well. We have a state of the art facility in Mission Viejo to help with all of your eye needs, including LASIK in Orange County.