Seeing is Believing: Fountain of Youth Meets Functionality with Eyelid Surgery in Orange County

Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery or eye ‘lift’) is the common cosmetic procedure what removes or tightens the delicate, saggy skin around eyes, ultimately resulting in a more rested, refreshed, and rejuvenated appearance. Unsightly bagginess and puffiness, including superfluous skin, is extracted from the upper and lower lids (if necessary). The procedure boasts not only a multitude of beauty benefits, but functional and health ones as well.  If you are looking for a beautiful eyelid surgery in Orange County, let’s take a look at what exactly you can expect.

Eye for Beauty:  Peepers that “Pop!”

As bruising and swelling recede and incision lines begin to refine and rescind (which usually take close to a full year following surgery), the beautifying results of your eyelid surgery will reveal a more lifted, alert, and youthful-looking appearance. The eye’s surrounding area will resemble a smoother, more defined contour, and usually lasts roughly 5-10 years before a touch-up is needed, as the inevitability of the natural aging process is to be expected.  When undergoing eyelid surgery on lower lids, extraneous fatty deposits that have collected over time are removed to eliminate that dreadful, “too-tired” look. Dependent of the wishes of each individual patient, either the upper lids are lifted and superficial skin removed, or bagginess and puffiness is removed from lower lids.  In some instances, both upper and lower lids simultaneously undergo a complete, eye-opening makeover moment. The get-gorgeous goal is to eliminate the sags and bags that prematurely age the delicate tissue around the eye area, illuminating and renewing the aesthetics of the upper face.  Time to unpack your baggage and get pretty, pop-worthy peepers!

Benefits Beyond Beauty:  When Pretty Meets Practical

For some, blepharoplasty isn’t exactly a get-gorgeous gratuitous choice or vain indulgence in the current cosmetic craze, but a necessary evil.  In older patients, undergoing eye lid surgery removes that lax, excess skin that hangs over the eye, partially impeding vision, particularly of the peripheral variety.  Post-surgery, patients have experienced a dramatic improvement in their field of vision.

Reconstructive eyelid surgery also reverses blepharochalasis, which is an expansion of the eye’s orbital system and preseptal muscles, resulting in comprised tightening of muscles around the eyeball.  Moreover, an ophthalmologist may recommend eyelid surgery for ptosis, or excessive drooping of eyelid, which is sometimes congenital, worsening as the one ages.  When lower edge of eyelid falls too low, covering a part of the eye’s pupil, vision can be impaired, as well as the greatening the difficulty of inserting contact lenses properly.

A patient who recently underwent cataract surgery may develop subsequent sagginess and droopiness in their upper eyelids due to internal manipulation of connective tissue, and so would be an excellent candidate for eyelid surgery. This manipulation of underlying connective tissue can cause cumulative weakening of the eye muscles that involuntarily support and hold the eye open. Stroke and trauma victims are also likely to experience ptosis, thus benefiting in an eyelid surgery procedure. Prolonged and excessive exposure to eye allergens, also known as edema, increases puffiness and on-going, acute irritation to bother upper and lower eyelids, which can also be reversed and repaired with functional-based eyelid surgery.

Finally, functional-based eyelid surgery can restore eyelid integrity and structure that have been compromised through removal of basal cell carcinoma, melanoma, or other common skin cancers.  For those who have experienced an unfortunate bout of Bell’s palsy (facial palsy), eyelid surgery can treat and maintain eye health and fundamental functionality by re-contouring and correcting upper eyelid retraction, as well as lower lid ectropion, the condition where eyelid is turned outward and away from the eyeball.

Whether your eyelid surgery concerns are functional or beauty –based, inconspicuous incisions are made within the natural creases of the skin around the eye, lending to utmost personal discretion and a virtual flawless outcome.

To learn more about eyelid surgery in Orange County, contact Advanced Eye Medical today.  Come see for yourself!

Everyday Healthy Eye Habits (The Top 5 Tips to Healthier Eyes)

It has been said many different ways that the eyes are the window to the soul. Vision is a powerful and important sense. It is integral that we treat our gift of vision as such. To maintain good vision, one must maintain healthy eye habits. Eye health must not be forgotten. Show your eyes some love with these easy tips to keep your eyes in good health.

Visit your Optometrist

It is important to visit your optometrist regularly to stay up to date with your eyes. Even if you feel that your eyes are in good health, it doesn’t hurt to get them checked out. An eye exam will test your vision, evaluate your family medical history, and examine the overall health of your eyes. Stay connected with your optometrist to keep your eyes happy and healthy.

Give Screens a Rest

Not a day goes by that we don’t spend hours looking at some type of screen. Whether it’s a computer at work, phone or laptop, time spent staring at a screen may lead to potential harm. Participating in a staring contest with a screen can lead to eyestrain, blurry vision, dry eyes, and trouble focusing. Make sure you limit your daily screen time. If screen time is essential to your job, be sure and schedule breaks throughout the day. It is recommended that your screen should be at least an arm’s distance away from where you are sitting.

Use Protective Eyewear

As noted earlier, it is important to visit your eye doctor to evaluate the state of your eyes. If prescribed, one might have to wear glasses or contacts. Glasses or contacts are there to protect and maintain your eye health. Neglecting to wear your glasses can worsen eyesight. When you are exposed to sun, make sure to avoid harsh UV rays with sunglasses. Sunglasses are the perfect fashion and health accessory available. Make sure you protect your eyesight daily with your preferred eyewear.

Maintain a Healthy Diet

A healthy diet is key to keeping your eyes in tip top shape. Essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants found in some foods can help strengthen eyesight. Carrots are the most well-known ally to good eyesight. They are packed with nutrients that help protect eyes from sun damage and UVB radiation. Citrus fruits are filled with vitamin C which helps defend eyes from infections and diseases. Green vegetables help avoid eye complications with vitamin A, antioxidants, and nutrients. Eggs, grapes, and dark berries increase proper vision. An overall well-balanced diet helps you maintain a healthy weight. A healthy diet and weight can help avoid type 2 diabetes which is the leading cause of blindness in adults.

Rest Up

Make sure you care for your eyes throughout the day and give them a rest from daily screen time. Avoid eyestrain and fatigue by trying the 20-20-20 rule. Every 20 minutes, look away about 20 feet in front of you for 20 seconds. Sleep is vital for maintaining healthy eyes. Not enough sleep can cause dry eyes, eye-twitching, blurry vision, and eyes to age faster. Make sure you give yourself the proper amount of sleep each day so that your eyes can stay healthy.

Stay healthy and regulate the health of your eyes. Maintain your vision by sticking to these healthy eye habits and keep your vision strong for life.

For a consultation towards clear vision, or to clear up any questions you may have, contact Laser for Eyes today. We are standing by to answer any of your concerns, and to help you get your vision back to where you want it. Join our growing family of happy customers who trust us with their eyes.

How Rods and Cones Allow us to See

Like a camera, the eye transmits light from the world around us into an image that we can perceive. Although it is small, the eye is a complex organ. All structures within the eye must function properly to capture light, focus it, and process messages back to the brain to create a visual image.

How Our Eyes Work

To process vision, the light reflected from an object in our field of view is gathered by the cornea. The cornea then refracts the light rays through the pupil (the center of the iris where light enters the eye). The iris then passes the image onto the crystalline lens. The lens in the eye focuses the light rays, projecting them to a point at the back of the eye called the retina, where the image appears upside down. The retina contains a thin layer of color-sensitive cells called rods and cones that perceive and decode color. These are critical to how our eyes work. The retina then passes visual signals to the brain via the optic nerve. The brain receives the information from both eyes and aggregate the images to process a complete picture.

Impaired vision occurs when a breakdown occurs at any point in this process. From the muscles that control the eyes, to the parts within the eye, to the pathway to the brain, vision impairments result from technical problems during the transitional phases. Other times, the eyes might work perfectly but there is a problem with how the brain interprets the signals it receives.

Rods and Cones: Color Vision and Concept

These crucial parts of our eye are known as photoreceptors. They are specialized cells that are located on the retina, in the back of your eye which processes images. Their roles are very specific: to receive and process signals of light and color, which gives us our vision. Because we rely primarily on vision over other senses, these components are very important to us. The effect of malfunctioning or deficient photoreceptors can be serious.

The retina of the eye has two types of light-sensitive cells called rods and cones, both found in layer at the back of your eye which processes images. Cones are cone shaped structures and are required for bright light (day light) vision. Rods are rod like structures located through the retina except for the fovea, and are required for dim light (twilight/night) vision. Both these visual components contain light sensitive pigments.

The most basic and crucial function of photoreceptors is to perceive light, which is the function of rods. Rods are located throughout the retina except for the very center or fovea. They are specialized to pick up light signals to determine light and shadow. On average, there are 120 million rods in the human eye, which are more than a thousand times as sensitive as individual cones. Rods pick up signals from all directions, improving our peripheral vision, motion sensing and depth perception. However, rods do not perceive color: they are only responsible for light and dark.

Color perception is the role of cones. There are 6 million to 7 million cones in the average human retina. They are mostly concentrated in the center of the retina, around the fovea. There are three types of cone cells and each type has a different sensitivity to light wavelengths. One perceives red (about 64 percent), another perceives green (32 percent) and the third perceives blue light (2 percent). Light enters your eye and stimulates the cone cells when you look at an object. Your brain interprets the signals from the cone cells to help you determine the color of the object. The red, green and blue cones work together to create the color spectrum. For example, when the red and blue cones are simulated in a certain way, you will see purple.

People with normal color vision have all three types of cone cells working correctly. On the other hand, color blindness occurs when one or more of the cone types are faulty. For example, if the green cone is faulty you won’t be able to see colors containing blue clearly. Our vision is a delicate system of intricate processes that gift us with the miracle of sight every day. It is important o fully understand how our eyes work in order to properly appreciate what we are able to see every day.

Schedule a Consultation

Join us at Laser for Eyes for an expert consultation on our services. We will discuss and review your options to help you find the perfect fit for you. Schedule a consultation with us today, and join our many satisfied patients.


How Our Eyes are Affected by a Lack of Sleep

Today more than ever, we are constantly busy. Always on the move and trying to squeeze the last drop out of every hour of every day. While productivity is great, it’s often easy to forget just how important those precious hours of the night are that we use to rest. Our jobs, family, and the stress that can come with both sometimes keeps us from getting the sleep our bodies require. It’s all too common to watch television or stay up on your phone, but we are here to tell you just how crucial sleep is for tired eyes.

Why Sleep?

Not only does sleep allow us to rest or bodies, but it allows our brains to recharge. It is during this time that our memories are sorted and stored, allowing us to be mentally sharp the next morning. However, many of us cheat ourselves out of this valuable recuperation. A recent study by the CDC found that one third of Americans currently get less than 7 hours of sleep in a 24-hour day. Though it may be hard to set aside the time, this magic number cannot be understated. The study goes onto explain that adults who consistently sleep less than 7 hours a night are at a higher risk for:

  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Frequent mental distress

Other complications from a lack of sleep include: decreased mental efficiency, accelerated skin aging, lack of a sex drive, and increased forgetfulness.

Sleep and Vision

By now we’re all familiar with the dark circles left under our eyes when we’re running low on sleep. They weigh us down and look less-than-appealing. However, there are several other eye risks that come with insufficient sleep. When getting less than 7 hours of sleep, we are prone to eye spasms, characterized by involuntary eye twitching in the eyelid. This eye twitching is not usually damaging, but can be very distracting. It is important to give these fine muscles in our eyes the rest they require.

Not getting enough sleep can also lead to eye conditions such as dry eye. Dry eye is a condition in which the eyes are not properly lubricated by our tears. This may cause irritation, disrupted vision, and light pain. Popped blood vessels are also a risk when operating on minimal sleep. Eye fatigue has the potential to not only be irritating, but can cause you discomfort and affect your eyesight. Your sleep and vision are two of the most important things for your body, so make sure to pay attention to both!

Healthy Habits

If you feel like a lack of sleep is affecting your vision, there are some things you can do in the workplace and at home to help with eye fatigue. If you spend most of the day working on a computer, make sure to keep the screen at least a foot in a half away from your face and use a glare filter, if possible. Additionally, the 20-20-20 rule is a great rule of thumb to implement for preventing many kinds of eye strain. Every 20 minutes, make it a point to look at something 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds to give your eyes a natural rest.

At home, you may find it helpful to soak a washcloth in warm water and gently apply to closed eyes. Moisture is your eyes’ best friend. Whether it’s steam, artificial tears, or a humidifier, your eyes will thank you for the hydration.

For a consultation towards clear vision, or to clear up any questions you may have, contact Laser for Eyes  today. We are standing by to answer any of your concerns, and to help you get your vision back to where you want it. Join our growing family of happy customers who trust us with their eyes.



Can You Slow Down the Progression of Macular Degeneration?

Imagine losing the ability to thread a needle, read small print, and even to read street signs. For many older Americans, this is a normal part of the aging process. Age related macular degeneration can change the way you see things every day.

Here’s what you need to know about macular degeneration and how you can help prevent it.

What is Macular Degeneration?

Age related macular degeneration is a deterioration or breakdown of the eye’s macula. The macula is a small area in the retina—the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye. The macula is the part of the retina that is responsible for your central vision, allowing you to see fine details clearly.

Many older people develop macular degeneration as part of the body’s natural aging process. The two types of age related macular degeneration are: dry macular degeneration and wet macular degeneration.

Dry macular degeneration—accounts for about 90% of cases. The tissue of the retina shrinks and pigments accumulate inside of it. Dry macular degeneration can progress to the wet form.

Wet macular degeneration—new blood vessels grow around and behind the macula. There’s sometimes bleeding in or behind the macula. Material seeps into the retina and settles in the macula. This is called an exudate. Eventually the exudate disappears, but a scar takes its place. All people who have wet macular degeneration had dry degeneration first.

Macular Degeneration Symptoms & Causes

Causes of macular degeneration include the formation of deposits called drusen under the retina, and in some cases, the growth of abnormal blood vessels under the retina. With or without treatment, macular degeneration alone almost never causes total blindness. People with more advanced cases of macular degeneration continue to have useful vision using their side, or peripheral vision. In many cases, the impact macular degeneration has on your vision can be minimal.

There are some known risk factors for macular degeneration. Smoking may increase your chances of developing the condition and seems to speed up the progress. High cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, obesity, and a diet lacking in dark green leafy vegetables and omega-3 fatty acids may also be associated with age related macular degeneration. Women seem to be at a higher risk than men.

Both types of macular degeneration are completely painless. In dry macular degeneration, the centre of the field of vision in an eye slowly blurs and grows dim. You can still see colours, but the details aren’t clear. This tends to happen over a period of years. Often, people don’t notice the early stages, especially if their other eye is working fine. Unfortunately, macular degeneration rarely affects just one eye. It may take some time, but the other eye may eventually start to develop the same problems.

The vision loss in wet macular degeneration is much more rapid. While the central part of the filed of vision fades and blurs, it usually vanishes completely, leaving a large blind spot. An early sign of wet macular degeneration is when you notice that lines in the center of the filed of view become wavy. This is due to new blood vessels leaking fluid under the macula, which lifts it from its bed and deforms the shape. Wet macular degeneration symptoms usually occur in one eye at a time.

Treatment and Prevention

While there’s little that can be done for dry macular degeneration, the disease progresses very slowly, and will probably never completely black out the central vision. Many people with this condition live full lives without serious disability.

Some studies have suggested a link between poor nutrition and faster degeneration of the macula. According to this evidence, fruit and dark green vegetables like spinach can slow the disease and contribute to better outcomes. For some people, a doctor will recommend a daily supplement that contains zinc, copper, vitamin E, vitamin D, and beta-carotene or vitamin A.

There is no cure for wet macular degeneration, but treatment may help slow it down. Laser surgery destroys tiny, newly grown blood vessels that may be bleeding into the macula. Photodynamic therapy may also be used. This involves injecting a medication called verteporfin into a vein. Then, a light is used to activate the medication to close, abnormal blood vessels. Medications injected into the eye, such as aflibercept, ranibizumab, or pegaptanib, may be used to slow down the growth of blood vessels. Daily supplements may also be recommended.

To help reduce your chances of getting macular degeneration:

  • Don’t smoke
  • Exercise
  • Eat a healthy diet rich in leafy greens
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Wear sunglasses with UV protection during the day

 Getting Diagnosed

An ophthalmologist or eye specialist will likely treat you based on your description of macular degeneration symptoms of whiteout, blackout, or blurring of the center of vision, but an eye exam is needed to confirm the diagnosis. If you would like to book an eye exam to test for macular degeneration, then contact the team at Advanced Eye Medical today.


How to Protect Your Child from Common Eye Disorders

 The Most Common Eye Health Issues Experienced by Young Kids

Common Eye Disorders in Young Children

  • Nearsightedness and Farsightedness
  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye) refers to either a viral or bacterial infection (both very contagious), or an allergic reaction (not contagious).
  • Chalazion looks like a small lump on the eyelid, and may occur when a Meibomian gland (an oil-secreting gland in the eyelid) becomes clogged. It is not caused by infection.
  • Stye looks like a red, sore lump near the edge of the eyelid; it is caused by an infected eyelash follicle.
  • Orbital Cellulitis is an infection related to trauma, an upper respiratory infection or an eyelid infection.
  • Blocked Tear Duct occurs when the eye’s drainage system for tears is either partially or completely obstructed. Tears cannot drain normally, causing a watery, irritated or chronically infected eye.

 Signs & Symptoms of Vision Disorders

Here are some signs and symptoms that parents should look for if their child has a vision disorder:

  • Crawling incorrectly.
  • Bumping into furniture or walls.
  • Losing balance when standing up from a sitting position.
  • Holding objects close to their nose to see.
  • Rubbing eyes a lot.
  • Squinting frequently.
  • Using only one eye and covering the other.
  • Not focusing the eyes together

A comprehensive children’s eye exam at Advanced Eye Medical will help diagnose and treat eye disorders at an early age.

What Parents Can Do to Help Their Children’s Eyes Stay Healthy

Stay Informed. Listen to the recommendations of your child’s pediatrician and eye care professional as what your child needs. If he or she needs glasses just for class, then they should wear them only for those purposes. If the doctor recommends they wear them for sports, they should wear them only for sports and vision safety.

Parents’ biggest role in their children’s eye health is compliance with the doctor’s recommendation for their child. It’s not going to work if a prescribed pair of glasses are on the desk at home — not making it to the classroom — and the child is still squinting at school to read the whiteboards.

Encourage Kids to Wear Sunglasses. Sunglasses are essential for protecting eyes from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. Sunglasses should be worn whenever you’re outdoors during the daytime and this should be a practice that comes as second nature to the whole family.

Teach Your Kids About Eye Anatomy. If you want your kids to understand more about their eye health issues, it is a good idea to educate them about the eye. Teaching your kids about eye anatomy can peak their interest and curiosity, and will help them better understand the importance of good eye care habits — along with the consequences of bad eye care habits.

Encourage Cleanliness. Proper cleanliness and hygiene is something that most parents are vigilant about, but it’s important to remember this mentality extends to the eyes as well. We all remind our kids to brush their teeth but cleaning their eyelids are just as important to prevent infections and protect vision.

Inspire a Healthy Diet. Healthy eyes start with a good diet. It’s not just carrots that help your eye sight — dark green leafy vegetables, fish, nuts and dark-colored berries all contain essential nutrients and antioxidants that will do wonders for your eyes. Vitamin A, for example, is commonly found in bright yellow and orange vegetables like carrots and sweet potatoes. Fruits like strawberries, oranges and mangoes provide vitamin C and other antioxidants, which also help fight eye disease. Salmon and other cold-water fish are also high in omega 3’s — good for tear production, which relieves dry eyes.

Schedule a Consultation

Stay informed and as an active participant in your child’s eye health this year. Protect his or her eyes by identifying early signs and symptoms to common eye health issues and consulting your doctor to better protect your child’s vision. Join us at Laser for Eyes for an expert consultation regarding a children’s eye exam. We will discuss and review your options to help you find the perfect fit for your child. Schedule a consultation with us today, and join our many satisfied patients.


What Happens to Our Eyes as We Age?

Sight Throughout the Years: How Our Vision Evolves and Devolves with Age

Our eyes are one of the most miraculous components of our body. They’re responsible for enabling us to take part in the majority of our day to day activities. They’re what allow us to take in the

world around us and create an unspoken connection with the people we interact with. Unfortunately, our eyesight doesn’t maintain its strength and clarity through the years as we age. Aging eyes plague millions of Americans with blurry vision, eye pain, or retinal disorders. However, just because we age does not mean our eyesight automatically goes out the window. There are plenty of steps to prevent eye problems from becoming a daily nuisance as we grow older, the first of which is understanding what naturally happens to our eyesight as we age.

How Our Eyes Work

As light enters our eye, it passes through the cornea. This is the translucent tissue at the front of the eye that acts as the “window” through which light must first penetrate. After light passes through the cornea, it is focused by the lens and onto the retina. The retina is responsible for converting light to a neural signal. Think of the retina like the film in a camera. Once this light is processed, it is carried via the optic nerve to be processed into visual information by our brain. As we age, this process is prone to becoming less coherent and inclined to cause us visual disruptions.

Aging Eyes

With age, our bodies are exposed to a countless barrage of contaminants, many of which go unnoticed to us. Considering our eyes are so exposed for the majority of our day, it makes sense that they would take quite the beating over the years. Sun exposure, dust particles, smoke, and bacteria in the air all slowly take their toll on our corneas. Another contributor to damaged corneas is the inflammation of the eyelids, also known as blepharitis. This may cause symptoms such as a disruptive, transient film over the eye or damaged tear cells. This can lead to a condition known as dry eye, where you may experience itchy or burning eyes. Typically, a humidifier or special eye drop supplement is prescribed to help with dry eye.

Our cornea is not the only thing that is prone to eye problems. As we grow older, the lens of our eye becomes less clear and flexible than it was when we were younger. This can both cloud and distort our vision, especially after the age of 40. This opaqueness of the lens is often referred to as a cataract and is a major cause of vision loss for middle-aged eye patients. Additionally, as the lens of our eyes grows stiffer and less pliable it has a more difficult time focusing on objects at certain distances. Presbyopia describes this condition, in which activities like reading a newspaper or a book, require you to hold the print further away in order to clearly read it.


Fortunately, there are proven treatments to these common aging eye problems. A lens affected by cataracts can be surgically removed and replaced with an artificial one. LASIK surgery is another increasingly popular option for those with near or farsightedness and wanting to lessen their dependency on prescription glasses. LASIK implements a laser to safely access the area of your eye within the cornea to administer treatment for many common vision problems. Growing older means we must be more attentive to taking care of our bodies, especially the parts of our bodies we use and depend on every day of our lives. No one can see into the future, but the better we take care of our eyes, the better we’ll be able to see during our future.

For a consultation towards clear vision, or to clear up any questions you may have, contact the Orange County office today. We are standing by to answer any of your concerns, and to help you get your vision back to where you want it. Join our growing family of happy customers who trust us with their eyes.

Where Do We Get the Color of Our Eyes?

There is no more expressive part of our body than our eyes. These complicated windows to our soul come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. They’re cause for fascination when we’re born, with our parents guessing whose eyes we’ll have. Will we have mom’s, dad’s, or catch the random gene bouncing around from our grandparents? From chocolate brown to icy blue and every shade of hazel in between, everyone’s eyes are different, telling their own story. But just how do we get our unique eye color?

The color of our eyes is determined by the pigmentation of our iris. The iris is the circular tissue surrounding the hole in the center of our eyes, called the pupil. Within the iris are muscles that regulate the amount of light entering our eyes, by constricting or dilating the pupil. In short, the iris is the most colorful and noticeable component of our vision and is critical to healthy eyes. The front layer of the iris contains a pigment called melanin. This is the ingredient most important in determining eye color. Storage, production, amount, and quality all play an important role in determining if our eyes are light or dark. Typically, larger amounts of melanin result in brown eyes, where less melanin result in lighter, blue or green eyes. The amount and quality of pigment is determined by the genetics passed onto us by our parents.

Have you ever noticed that all baby’s eyes are blue? This is because melanin production doesn’t begin right at birth. It isn’t until around the age of three that a baby’s true color is apparent. Believe it or not, some people’s eyes actually change color, or appear to anyway. The iris of our eyes has two layers and sometimes pigments find themselves in both. Depending on melanin levels in each layer and the amount of light diffraction at any given moment, some eyes are able to shift in hue. There is also a condition which allows certain individuals to have one eye a different color from the other. This condition, called heterochromia is rare and usually harmless.

To take a trip back to biology class, we can remember that our cells are made up of chromosomes, 46 to be exact. These chromosomes are separated into 23 pairs and contain genes that will later determine most of our physical characteristics. Within these genes are alleles that ultimately decide which of these characteristics will actually appear. When we’re born, we inherit one chromosome from each parent to create a complete original, us!


The two major genes involved with eye color are OCA2 and HERC2, both within chromosome 15. Previously it was thought a simple genetic pattern dealing with dominant and recessive traits was the sole determinant of light or dark eyes. Under this model, it was thought to be rare for blue eyed parents to conceive a brown-eyed child and vice versa. However, today we believe it’s a little more complicated than that. It is believed we have upwards of 15 different genes that play a role in the color of our eyes. Though brown eyes are traditionally more dominant than blue and our parent’s genetics are an effective way to predict eye color, the color of our eyes doesn’t quite work like mixing paint swatches at Home Depot. Because our eyes rely on so many more than two genes to decide color, there is simply a much wider range of possibilities in determining our baby blues or beautiful browns than we previously thought. Scientists continue to research what exactly causes the probabilities of being born with certain eye colors over others.

For a consultation towards clear vision, or to clear up any questions you may have regarding healthy eyes, contact Advanced Eye Medical today. We are standing by to answer any of your concerns, and to help you get your vision back to where you want it. Join our growing family of happy customers who trust us with their eyes.


Unknown Eye Diseases

Top Unknown and Rare Eye Diseases

Eye conditions and diseases can occur in patients both young and old, for numerous reasons. While some are known, many lesser-known conditions can result from disease, genetics, tumors, or trauma. Among these, lagophthalmos, ptosis, anopthalmia and other conditions can often result from an uncommon eye condition.


Patients affected with lagophthalmos are unable to fully close their eyelids, and may experience dry and irritated eyes. Causes can include:

Bell’s Palsy is a condition that causes paralysis of one side of the face. Lagophthalmos develops on the affected side, and sufferers often develop severe dry eye, which can lead to permanent vision loss if not corrected.

Eye Trauma and Tumors may cause damage to the facial nerve responsible for proper eyelid closure and the blink reflex. Skull fractures and eyelid surgical procedures can also cause damage to this nerve. Rare tumors, such as acoustic neuromas, can also lead to lagophthalmos.

Infectious Diseases such as lyme disease, chickenpox, mumps, polio, leprosy, diphtheria, and botulism can all cause lagophthalmos in patients.


Ptosis occurs as a drooping of the upper or lower eyelid. This condition can cause eye fatigue, double vision, and trouble blinking. It often develops as a result of aging, but may also be credited to the following causes:

Congenital Defects can present themselves at birth and may be caused by abnormalities in a person’s inherent anatomy.

Trauma and Neurological Disease can affect the muscles responsible for lifting the eyelid.

Eye Surgery involving the nerves and muscles of the eye rarely cause ptosis.

Anopthalmia and Micropthalmia

Anopthalmia and Micropthalmia are very rare conditions that are both caused by congenital defects. They can also be the result of enucleation or evisceration after a severe traumatic event. Micropthalmia is the underdevelopment of the eye, whereas anopthalmia is the complete lack of eye development. Both of these present an issue when the cause is congenital, and can be treated with orbital eye surgery.


Glaucoma is an eye condition that occurs as a result of damaged optic nerves. The optic nerve is responsible for the transference of visual information to the brain, which eventually makes it possible for you to see. This damage occurs as a result of high pressure inside the eye, which could lead to partial or complete blindness.

The pressure originates from the aqueous humor, the fluid of the eye that is continuously formed. It fills the front of the eye and goes out through the cornea and iris. If the passages are blocked, then natural pressure of the eye shoots up. Eventually, this pressure damages the optic nerves, causing this condition.

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

Subconjunctival hemorrhage occurs when blood gathers under the transparent tissues of the eye. Many tiny vessels, in millions, lay as a carpet on the surface of the conjunctiva and the space between the sclera. When one of these vessels burst, it causes the flow of blood. This condition does not affect the vision, but is rare in nature.


Nevi develops with a mole on the eye. It can occur anywhere on the eye – the front, around the iris, on the colored part of the eye, and beneath the retina in the back of the eye. This condition is rare and typically harmless, but some can develop into cancers. Medical check-up is essential if diagnosed.

Additional Unknown Eye Diseases

Bietti’s Crystalline Dystrophy is an inherited disease that causes crystals to develop in the cornea, as well as yellow deposits on the retina, and may cause progressive vision loss. Symptoms may include visual field constriction and night blindness, and at this time, there is no solution for this rare disease.

Retinoblastoma is a type of cancer that forms in the retina. It usually occurs in children younger than 5 years, and it is sometimes hereditary. Although it is life threatening, it can be treated with surgery if diagnosed early enough.

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a progressive degeneration of the retina. Common symptoms include night blindness and a loss of peripheral vision. At this time, there is no treatment, but the use of Vitamin A may slow down the progression of this condition.

Coloboma is a condition that is caused by a lack of development of one or more structure of the eye. The missing structure can be part of the eyelid, lens, macula, optic nerve, or uvea. No treatment currently exists for this condition, but using corrective lenses and treating complications can reduce the negative effects of this condition.

If you’re concerned you may be suffering from a possible eye health problem or you just want to have a checkup, contact Dr. Ghosheh at Advanced Eye Medical.

How to Choose the Right Contact Lenses

There are many things to take into consideration when deciding which contact lenses you want to purchase. Here’re some tips for choosing the best and safest option for your eyes.
First, you have to choose between soft or hard contacts, though 9 out of 10 contact wearers opt for the soft version. Hard contacts are best for people with astigmatism, or that may have a disorder that causes protein to form on the lenses.

Contact Lens Options

Daily Wear Contacts
Daily wear contacts are the most inexpensive contact option. Daily wear contacts have to be taken out every night to be disinfected and replaced on a set schedule which can range from every two weeks to every three months.

Disposable Contacts
Disposable contacts can be quite costly because you need a new pair every day. They require no maintenance and are one of the most convenient choices for contact wearers. Disposable contacts can be replaced every week or every month. Disposable contacts are ideal for those who suffer from allergies.

Extended Wear Contacts
Extended wear contacts can be worn overnight and only need to be disinfected once a week. However, most eye care professionals agree that you should not wear your contacts overnight because they deprive the eyes of oxygen and make them susceptible to infection.

Color Change Contacts
Color change contacts can completely change the color of your eyes. You can find these in either prescription contacts or just wear them for cosmetic purposes.

Toric Contacts
These contact lenses are usually more expensive than others because they are designed to correct astigmatism.

Multifocal Contacts
These lenses correct presbyopia, which is an eye condition that develops as people get older. This condition is characterized by not being able to bring close things into focus.

Safety tips to keep in mind when purchasing contact lenses:
Don’t buy a box of contact lenses if the seal is broken. This may indicate that the box has been opened, and the lenses may have been tampered with.

Exercise caution when purchasing contact lenses online. Make sure you always buy from a reputable company that features brand name products. The website should also confirm your prescription with your eye doctor. And when the lenses arrive, make sure each package has your correct prescription listed on the label.

Be sure to use a current prescription written by your eye care professional, remember that prescriptions are only good for a year from the date they were written.

Even cosmetic or theatrical contact lenses should only be purchased after consulting an eye care professional. While cosmetic and theatrical contact lenses can be bought everywhere costume stores to beauty salons it is important for them to be fitted by an eye care professional. In addition, you should visit the eye doctor regularly after you begin wearing these contacts in order to avoid developing infections and other issues.

Now that you know how to choose the right contact lenses, be sure to put these tips into practice the next time you pick out a pair. If you have any further questions about choosing the right contact lenses, we would be happy to assist you. To schedule an appointment, visit