Best Ways to Protect Your Eyesight

You only get one set of eyes in life. They are some of the most important organs in your body, responsible for allowing you to gain the sense of sight. Without them, your world would be pretty dark. In order to live your best life and experience all of the beauty of this world, you’ll want to keep your eyes protected to the best of your ability.

There can be great long-term health benefits to keeping your eyesight protected. While it’s impossible to avoid some dangers, such as the chance of accidentally staring into bright lights, you can take several measures to keep your peepers safe against any potential hazards.

Our Advanced Eye Medical professionals want your eyes to stay healthy and safe for the duration of your life. That’s why we’ve created this guide to help you take steps towards protecting them yourself. And of course, if your eyes are in need of further examination, we can schedule you an appointment with Dr. Ghosheh, the premier ophthalmologist in Orange County.

Step 1: Maintain a Healthy Diet

How can eating right lead to better protection for your eyes? Well, everything in the body is affected by what you eat.

In fact, there are certain vitamins and nutrients that do special wonders for the eyes. Eating vitamins C and E, as well as omega-3 fatty acids from oils can strengthen your eyes and protect them against future damage. This is a great way to protect your eyes from the formation of cataracts as well.
Vitamins C and E, and omega-3 fatty acids come from healthy foods such as spinach, kale, salmon, eggs, beans, nuts, and citrus. Fill up your plate with the good stuff, and your eyes will thank you!

Step 2: Wear Sunglasses When You Go Out

Sunglasses aren’t just for making a fashion statement. Shades will protect your eyes from harmful UV rays from the sun. If your eyes are exposed to too much sunlight, you are more likely to contract macular degeneration, cataracts, and blind spots.

While any pair of sunglasses is better than none, there are specific pairs you should be looking out for. Try to find sunglasses that promise to block between 99% and 100% of the sun’s UVB and UVA rays. If the sunglasses are polarized, that adds even more protection when you drive, as it helps your eyes avoid random lens glares and flares that you might encounter on the road.

Additionally, you can find a pair of wraparound lenses, which are a little longer than the norm. These wrap around the sides of your eyes, so the sun can’t try to catch you unawares.

Step 3: Don’t Stare Too Long at Your Screen

While modern computer monitors and smart phone screens utilize much safer lighting and better technology than they used to, they can still cause strain on your eyes if you stare at them for too long. It’s more ergonomically correct to give your eyes a break every so often.

Staring at a screen for too long can cause blurred vision, dry eyes, back pain, headaches, and increased trouble focusing on long distances. It can make people near-sighted, and can cause a lot of unnecessary strain on your unsuspecting eyeballs.

Try giving your eyes a break every 30 minutes or so. This is especially essential if you are working a full-time job in front of a computer. Look away from your screen for a minute, and try to focus your eyes on something distant in the background. Look at a wall or a window for a few minutes while your eyes adjust. This will help your eyes to naturally recover from the strain, and it will refresh them for when you’re ready to go back to your computer.

Ophthalmologist in Orange County

This final step is perhaps the most important measure you can take to ensure your eyes will continue to be protected throughout your life. At Advanced Eye Medical, we are equipped with all of the tools and resources you may need in order to maintain perfect eye health. Whether you are experiencing blurry vision, or you just need to check up on your eyeglasses prescription, our friendly professionals are here to help. You can contact us online for more information about eye health and safety. To schedule an appointment with an ophthalmologist in Orange County, you can reach us at (866) 997-2020. Schedule your free consultation today!

Can Rubbing Your Eyes Harm Your Vision?

Rubbing your eyes are a natural reaction that just about everyone does.  Whether it’s because you feel like you have something in your eye, you just woke up, you are sleepy, or you feel like your eye is itchy, rubbing the eyes seems to be one of the only things that feels like an immediate source of relief.  Some people even rub their eyes when they are stressed out or anxious.  Rubbing of the eyes can also come in many different forms—from one to multiple fingers, knuckles, to the palms of the hand. For more information about eye treatment in Orange County, utilize the services of Advanced Eye Medical.

All that being said, one question you may (or may not) have considered is whether rubbing your eyes can actually do any damage to your eyes and vision.

The answer to this, like many things in life, is…it depends.

The sporadic, momentary rub of the eye is not usually too much reason for concern.  In fact, this occasional rubbing of the eye is known to have some benefits.  One of the reason why rubbing the eyes when they feel dry or itchy is such a natural reaction is because it results in the production of tears to help lubricate the eye and provide some relief to the eye.  This can help to remove dust or other particles that may be irritating the eye.  Pressing down on the eyeball stimulates nerves which can slow down the heart rate, which can provide some form of stress and anxiety relief. For a list of remedies to common eye problems, seek eye treatment in Orange County.

This all sounds like great reasons to rub your eyes, but here’s when rubbing your eyes can be harmful.

Too Much Pressure

One of the ways that rubbing the eyes can be harmful is when you put too much pressure on the eyeball.  By rubbing your eyeball too hard and for too long, you increase eye pressure.  This increase in pressure to the eye can be troublesome for those with short-sightedness.  In some cases, patients have actually experienced the detachment of the retina which can be extremely dangerous and cause for concern.  Additionally, patients with glaucoma can experience a disruption in blood flow due to an increase in eye pressure.  This can then lead to nerve damage, which can then ultimately affect your ability to see properly (or at all).

Infecting the Eye

Another more common harmful side effect of eye-rubbing is the potential risks of infecting the eye.  People carry numerous germs on their fingers, underneath their nails and cuticles, and on their hands.  Every time you rub your eye, you put your eyes at risk of getting these germs in the eyes and infecting the eye.  Then, once the eye is infected, if not properly treated, you potentially risk damage to your eyes and vision.

Additionally, if you continually rub your eyes, you can also risk scratching the surface of the eyeball with your nails if you are not careful or gentle in the way that you rub.

In conclusion, while eye-rubbing is a natural reaction, there really is no reason to ever have to rub your eyes and being more mindful and aware of when you do rub your eyes is a great way to eliminate this behavior.  Here are some common substitutions for rubbing your eyes in various situations.

  • Something in Your Eye. If you feel like you have something in your eye, the best way to get it out is by washing your eyes out with cool water.  This will help to naturally flush out anything that may have gotten into them.  Additionally, if you work around a lot of dust, chemical, or particles, it would be good to consider wearing safety goggles to protect your eyes before you get something into them.
  • Dry, Itchy Eyes. If your eyes are dry and itchy, the best way to treat them is through the use of eye drops to help lubricate and rehydrate your eyes. If you notice that your eyes are dry and itchy often, you may also want to seek the help of an eye doctor to check and make sure that there’s nothing else wrong with your eyes that may be causing the dry eyes.
  • Stressed or Anxious. Stress and anxiety are bound to happen, so figuring out a way to find a healthy outlet to manage your stress and anxiety is key to avoiding adding any additional concerns to your life by potentially causing any harm to your eyes or vision. From breathing techniques, meditation, and physical activity, there are a number of ways to better manage your stress than to take them out on your eyes!

Eye Treatment in Orange County

If you are located in the Orange County area of Southern California and suffer from constant eye irritation and eye-rubbing, contact the medical professionals at Advanced Eye Medical today at 1-866-997-2020 or by e-mail at info@laserforeyes.com.  We can take a look at your overall eye health and make recommendations for treatment.

Burst Blood Vessel in the Eye: How Serious is it?

A burst blood vessel in the eye, otherwise known as a subconjunctival hemorrhage, is when a tiny blood vessel just underneath the clear surface of your eye breaks.  The blood gets trapped because it can’t be absorbed quickly.  Sometimes you will not even know that this has happened until you look in a mirror and see that the white part of your eye is bright red.

A strong sneeze or cough could cause a blood vessel to break in the eye and though it may worry you, it is not something that requires treatment.  A burst blood vessel in the eyes is usually harmless and clears up on its own within a couple of weeks.

Symptoms

If you notice a bright red patch on the white of your eye it is an obvious sign of a subconjunctival hemorrhage.

This condition should not cause a change in your vision.  There should not be any discharge and there should be no pain associated with it.  You may experience a scratchy feeling on the surface of your eye which may be a little uncomfortable. If the condition is recurrent or does not seem to clear up on its own, talk to your doctor about the issue.

Causes

Sometimes the cause of a subconjunctival hemorrhage is not known.  The following may cause it to happen:

  • A powerful cough
  • A large sneeze
  • Straining
  • Vomiting

It could also be caused from an eye injury, such as:

  • Rubbing the eye too vigorously
  • Trauma, such as a foreign object in your eye

Risk Factors

Some pre-existing conditions may be risk factors with subconjunctival hemorrhage:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Some blood-thinning medications, such as warfarin and aspirin
  • Blood clotting disorders

There are not often any complications from a burst blood vessel in the eye.  If it occurred due to trauma you will want your doctor to evaluate your eye to ensure there is not further injury.

Diagnosis

A doctor will usually be able to diagnose a subconjunctival hemorrhage just by looking at your eye.  It is not likely that any tests will need to be done.  However, if it is a reoccurring occurrence you doctor may also:

  • Ask about any other symptoms and your general health
  • Conduct an eye exam
  • Take your blood pressure
  • Perform a blood test to make sure you do not have a bleeding disorder

Though it will eventually disappear on its own, you may want to treat it with eye drops to help alleviate the discomfort of the scratchy feeling.

Preparing for an Appointment

You will probably see your primary care doctor but he may refer you to an eye doctor. To prepare, make a list of any symptoms that you are experiencing, even if it does not seem related.  Jot down personal information that may be relevant.  Include and major life changes or stresses you are experiencing. Make notes of any medication, vitamins, and supplements that you are taking. Also be prepared with a list of questions for your doctor if you have any.  If you write them down, you will not forget to ask them.

Prevention

If the cause is identifiable and it is something you can avoid, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce the risk.  If you have a bleeding disorder or take blood-thinning medications, he may be able to offer some advice.

If it has been caused by rubbing your eyes you can try to reduce the risk by rubbing your eyes gently if you need to rub them.  If you are too rough you can cause minor trauma to the eye resulting in a subconjunctival hemorrhage.

For further information, or if you are experiencing the condition and wish to book a consultation, you can contact Advanced Eye Medical in the Orange County area

Dealing with Foreign Objects in Your Eyes

The definition of a foreign object in the eye is objects outside the body that penetrate the eye and can cause swelling, pain, and vision problems. Foreign objects can range from dust to glass shards and can really bother or hurt a person on impact. Foreign objects usually affect and irritate the cornea of the eye, which is the eye’s initial protective covering. Light travels to the eye through the cornea.

A foreign object stuck in your eye can be very serious if not removed quickly and as non-invasively as possible. Pressure or discomfort can turn into pain and bleeding if a medical professional does not remove the object. For less serious cases, like dust or dirt entering the eye with no actual cut or puncturing, you may notice a great deal of blinking as well as sneezing, itching or a slight ache in the eyes when looking at light.

The most common foreign objects in the eyes are eyelashes, dried mucus, sawdust, dirt, sand, cosmetics, contact lenses, metal particles, and glass shards.

What to Do

Should you experience a foreign object in your eye, be sure to stop moving your eye and irritating it further. Using a clean cloth or gauze, bandage your eye and soothe the pain with warm water. Cover your other eye, as this will actually prevent you being tempted to move your injured one. Try not to rub your eyes too hard and if you have contact lenses in that have also been pierced, leave them there and do not touch your eye with your fingers. Wash your hands immediately in case you do end up touching your eyes.

Get a friend or loved one or someone around you to use a bright light to examine the eye so you’ll have a visual concept of the severity.

When to See a Doctor

It’s best to be pragmatic and go to the doctor to have them remove the object if it is something sharp like metal or glass. They will use anesthetic to numb the eye, so it will be less painful with a professional doing it instead of you at home without anesthetic.

At-Home Treatment: Upper and Lower Eye Lid

If you ultimately decide to treat the issue at home, observe the following:

For foreign objects affecting the upper eyelid, stick the side of your face with the penetrated eye in a shallow basin of water. Under water, open and close your eye. If the pain is manageable, carefully lift your eyelid and stretch the lid to loosen the object.

For foreign objects affecting the lower eyelid, pull the eyelid down to try to examine and see underneath it. Do this with freshly washed, sterile hands. Use a small cotton swab to try to remove the object; if this is unsuccessful, consider rinsing the eye in a basin of cold water.

At-Home Treatment: Smaller Particles in the Eye

For small particles such as sand or dirt, you do not need to go to the doctor, and you should only experience mild discomfort at worst. Your eyes will be swollen and irritated. Try different techniques such as dabbing a wet cloth gently on the eyes and then flushing the eye in a basin of water and blinking rapidly.

Avoid Foreign Objects Getting Stuck in Your Eyes

Getting foreign objects stuck in your eye can really hurt and, if left untreated, can really affect your vision and eye’s irritability. Wearing sunglasses, glasses, and goggles in appropriate scenarios with any flying or loose objects, excessive dust, or ice will help prevent foreign objects from entering the eye.

If you work with equipment such as saws and lawn mowers, be sure to also protect your eyes and wash them out thoroughly during breaks or after your work day is finished to ensure your eyes are clean, comfortable and free of any irritating particles.

Additional Eye Questions

If you have more questions about what to do when it comes to foreign objects in your eyes, contact an eye professional such as the professionals at Advanced Eye Medical. They’re experts who are passionate about eyes and are ready to help you. Learn more about Advanced Eye Medical, which has been around for over 30 years, by following Dr. Faris Ghosheh on Twitter today.

Pain Behind the Eyes: What are the Causes?

Whenever a new pain starts, it causes anxiety and we immediately look for answers. This is especially true with pain behind the eyes; the thought of losing vision is a horrifying one for most of us. Luckily, most causes for pain behind the eyes can be simple and benign, but there are a few cases where it can be a medical emergency.

If you believe you could be having a medical emergency, contact a medical professional and seek treatment immediately. Here are some possible causes for pain behind the eyes:

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is simply an inflammation of a sinus cavity, which can be caused by myriad issues, most of them benign. Since our sinus cavities are so near the eyes and can cause headaches, they can cause pain that feels like it is coming from behind the eye. Sinusitis can be caused by allergies, bacterial or viral infections, and other less common issues like cancer of the sinuses. If you have a cold, allergy symptoms, or a sinus infection and are experiencing pain behind your eyes, it should be transient. Medications that relieve inflammation may help, as well as treating the underlying condition.

Headache

Most pain behind your eyes is caused by headaches, which can be caused by countless conditions. For patients with vision issues, this can be a common occurrence. Correcting your vision with LASIK can remedy this problem in the long term, providing relief and often perfect vision.

Some other causes for headaches include: stress, dehydration, and a lack of sleep. Straining your eyes to read small text or see far away objects can also cause shooting pains behind your eyes as your nerves and muscles work harder.

Glaucoma

The inside of your eye is filled with fluid, and when that fluid’s pressure becomes too high, this causes a condition known as glaucoma. Most cases of glaucoma are in fact painless, so this usually isn’t the case. Glaucoma can cause vision blurring, distortion, and even blindness. Glaucoma can be considered a medical emergency. If you notice changes in your vision with your eye pain, it is necessary to seek treatment to ensure your vision is undamaged.

Dry Eyes

One of the most common and easily treated reasons for eye pain is dry eyes. Light sensitivity and headaches are common. Try over-the-counter remedies to lubricate your eyes and see if they improve. If this works, but you find yourself using the drops daily, you may have a larger condition causing the dry eyes and should see an eye doctor ASAP.

Optic Neuritus

Optic neuritis is when the optic nerve becomes inflamed. This condition can be a sign of multiple sclerosis, which is a degenerative neurological disease. Prolonged eye pain should always be evaluated by a doctor to ensure nothing serious is causing your discomfort. Most of these conditions can be managed or mitigated to preserve your vision. This kind of inflammation can also be caused by infection, so do not jump to worst-case scenarios.

Irisitis

The Iris is the colored muscle surrounding the pupil of your eye. When this muscle becomes inflamed by irritation or infection, it can easily cause deep eye pain. Blurred vision and light sensitivity are signs of Irisitis.

When to Consult an Eye Doctor

If the pain is unbearable, you should seek emergency medical attention, as certain deadly conditions or blindness inducing conditions can occur acutely. For prolonged eye pain, seeing your doctor is a good idea to eliminate the possibility of any infection or underlying condition.

If it is simply a case of poor vision putting too much strain on your eyes, correcting your vision is the best option. LASIK is a procedure that can permanently improve your vision to perfect levels. Contact Advanced Eye Medical today for an appointment or consultation!

What Causes Blood Vessels in the Eyes to Burst?

The worst part of a burst blood vessel in the eye is that it leaves you with a dramatic, unattractive redness that may make you feel insecure or embarrassed. Should your vision change in any way, it is key to report this information to an eye specialist as, sometimes, burst blood vessels can be problematic based on what caused them and how severe the burst was.

Eye Injury

This condition is not painful, and typically develops after blunt trauma to the eye. In most cases, treatment is not needed for what is identified as a subconjunctival hemorrhage. Blood vessels are fragile and their walls can easily break. Causes of blood vessel bursts in the eyes include sneezing, coughing, vomiting, crying, rubbing your eyes, or snagging your eyes on an object or fabric.

If you have noticed the appearance of blood in your eye a week or so after the initial injury or blood vessel burst, it may be advisable for you to seek medical attention from an eye specialist to ensure you do not have a condition known as hyphema, which can be very severe and could affect your vision long-term. Broken blood vessels can be somewhat prevented if you wear proper eye protection during certain sports or goggles during any work that has flying objects or dust or very bright sunlight involved.

High Blood Pressure

If you have high blood pressure, this can cause problems to the retina’s blood vessels, and hinder the retina’s function. This hindering places lots of strain on the optic nerve, which then leads to sight problems and vision loss. This condition is called hypertensive retinopathy (HR).

Prolonged high blood pressure, or hypertension, is the main cause and it’s because the force of the blood against your arteries is way too high and the blood pumps out of the heart, into the arteries in between heartbeats and the blood moves through the entire body, even affecting the eyes.

To prevent high blood pressure, stick to a diet high in fruits and vegetables to lower blood pressure. This will prevent burst blood vessels and other eye problems. Regular exercise and a limited salt and caffeine intake will also help lower your blood pressure.

Blood Thinners

There are two main types of blood thinners. Anticoagulants work on chemical reactions in your body to lengthen the time it takes to form a blood clot. Antiplatelet drugs, such as aspirin, prevent blood cells called platelets from clumping together to form a clot.

Blood thinners are known to sometimes cause redness to the eye and burst blood vessels in the skin and eyes. But if you are taking aspirin or blood thinners and notice these symptoms, do not stop taking them unless you have been told to do so by your doctor.

Cataract Surgery

For those who have just undergone cataract surgery, don’t be anxious if your vision seems cloudy after you remove the eye shield or if you start to see distortions or waves. It should only last an hour. Along with these surprising vision side effects, the patient may also experience red and blood shot eyes because blood vessels may have burst on the surface of your eye during surgery. The redness will disappear as soon as your eyes are finished healing in a matter of days.

Learn More About Burst Blood Vessels Today

Burst blood vessels usually look worse than they are and can occur for a number of different reasons including light eye injuries, having high blood pressure, taking blood thinners, or recovering from cataract surgery. Eye drops or cold compresses are very useful, simple treatments to alleviate eye redness and speed up the disappearance of your burst blood vessel as lubrication and cold soothe the eye.

If your eyes remain red for an uncomfortable amount of time after a burst blood vessel or if you experience any vision changes or pain of any kind, contact an eye professional such as the professionals at Advanced Eye Medical.

4 Reasons You Should Not Rub Your Eyes

You are tired. Your eyes are itchy. It’s only natural: instant relief, rub your eyes. But when something is in your eyes, you may want to think twice. That’s because while rubbing your eyes may give you temporary relief, in the long term it can also have dangerous and harmful side effects.

Debris and germs can penetrate the eye, which could lead to eye infections. If you have progressive myopia, rubbing your eyes can worsen the condition. If you suffer from glaucoma, rubbing your eyes can lead to increased eye pressure and disturbed blood flow, which leads to nerve damage and permanent harm to your eyesight.

If you have a condition called Keratoconus, rubbing your eyes can be especially dangerous. Keratoconus is a thinning of the central part of the cornea. Although it doesn’t result in complete loss of sight, Keratoconus leads to a progressive loss of vision and can be severe enough for patients to be diagnosed as legally blind.

The negative effects go on… Instead of rubbing your eyes, let us help you with our short guide to the dangers of eye rubbing.

4 Reasons Not to Rub Your Eyes

1. Risk of Infection

Rubbing your eyes with dirty hands can lead to infections, including pink eye or worse. You use your hands for pretty much everything, so it’s no surprise that they pick up all sorts of bacteria throughout the day. While some of the risk can be mitigated by good hygiene, rubbing your eyes puts you at risk of eye infection no matter how thoroughly you wash your hands.

For those with allergies, rubbing your eyes to relieve allergy-induced itching will release more histamines into the sensitive tissues of your eyes, which only cause more severe reactions. Therefore, scratching your eyes is not only dangerous, but ineffective, as well.

2. Potential for Injury

There are many reasons your eyes might be itchy, but if something is in your eye, rubbing is the least effective and most dangerous way to get it out. In most cases, your body’s natural defense mechanisms will take care of the problem. If not, try using eye drops or closing your eyes for rest. If you do rub your eyes, foreign particles could end up scratching your cornea.

3. Long-Term Side Effects

Consistently rubbing your eyes over a long period of time can lead to thinning of the cornea. That in turn can lead to recurring infections, or worse, a condition called keratoconus, which causes a deterioration of vision that cannot be reversed or corrected.

4. Dark Circles

Lack of quality sleep is not the only reason dark circles appear. Habitually rubbing your eyes can promote the development of periorbital circles, which may appear as dark rings around or under your eyes. The dark discoloration is a result of small amounts of blood leaking out of the periorbital vessels. If you’re waking up with dark circles, try wearing a cool compress.

How to Prevent Itchy Eyes

Foreign particles or allergy-induced debris commonly cause itchy, burning eyes. If avoiding the allergen is impossible, it is best to talk with your healthcare provider about preventative options such as eye drops, oral antihistamines and decongestants. If you think you may be allergic to your contact lenses or lens solution, talk with your eye doctor about the problem.

To mitigate itchy eyes, especially allergy-induced itching, here are a few indoor and outdoor tips to keep in mind:

Indoors:

  • Vacuum regularly to reduce dust and pet dander.
  • Keep your windows shut to reduce outdoor allergens.
  • Keep your pets out of bedrooms or areas you spend a lot of time in.
  • Run your air conditioner to reduce indoor allergens and keep your air filters and air ducts clean.
  • Avoid smoking in rooms with little or no ventilation.

Outdoors:

  • Watch the news to check pollen counts. Pollen counts are the highest between 5AM-10AM.
  • Dry your clothes in a dryer, not outside. Outdoor allergens stick to the fabric of your clothes.
  • Take precautions before doing yard work. Wear face masks and gloves.
  • Take a shower after being outside to wash away allergens that have clung to your hair and skin.

Schedule a Consultation

There are numerous reasons to avoid rubbing your eyes. Itchy eyes can worsen, eye infections can develop, and long-term effects can linger with chronic itching. If you or someone you know is suffering allergy-induced itching or chronic itching of the eye, it may be time to discuss the cause and treatment plan with your doctor. Join our many satisfied patients, and schedule an appointment at Advanced Eye Medical today for treatment options.

Preventing and Treating Chemical Eye Burns

Chemical eye burns can occur when the eye comes into contact with solid, liquid or vaporous chemicals. Although many burns result in only minor discomfort, every chemical exposure or burn should be taken seriously. The severity of the burn depends on the chemical, as well as exposure time and how the injury is treated. Fortunately, the vast majority of burns are treatable and cause only temporary discomfort and pain.

To help you take precautions, we have compiled some essential steps to managing and treating chemical eye burns.

What are the 3 Types of Chemical Eye Burns?

Chemical eye burns fall into three categories based on acidic and alkaline level, measured in pH. The pH scale ranges from 0-14 and indicates how acidic or basic a chemical substance is. Neutral substances have a pH of 7; the pH of healthy tears is 7.5. The three different chemical eye burns are:

Alkali Burns are the most dangerous. These burns involve high pH chemicals that are powerful enough to penetrate the eye. Severe damage is possible and can lead to conditions like cataracts and glaucoma, and may even cause vision loss.

Acid Burns have a lower pH than alkali burns but are still dangerous. These burns aren’t able to penetrate the eye, but can still cause significant damage to the cornea and cause vision loss.

Irritations are neutral in pH and cause minor damage and side effects.

What are the Symptoms of Chemical Eye Burns?

Vision loss is a key indicator of a severe chemical eye burn. Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Eye redness
  • Eye irritation
  • Eye pain
  • Swelling of the eye
  • Blurred vision
  • Inability to open the eye

Chemicals That Cause Eye Burns

Chemical eye burns can occur when the eye comes into contact with solid, liquid or vaporous chemicals. The most common chemicals include:

  • Ammonia, bleach, toilet bowl cleaner, and drain cleaner
  • Vinegar, glass polish and oven cleaner
  • Car battery fluid and gasoline
  • Chemicals in cement and plaster
  • Products that remove rust
  • Hydrochloric acid
  • Fireworks
  • Pesticides and fertilizer

What to Do if Dangerous Chemicals Get in Your Eyes

The most important thing to do when you experiencing a chemical eye burn is to flush it out. A special chemical eye wash station is the best way to do this, however if the burn is experienced at home, tap water is a viable solution. To treat a chemical eye burn, follow these tips:

Flush your eye with water. Use clean, lukewarm tap water to rinse your eye for at least 20 minutes. You can choose one of these options:

  • Get in the shower and gently stream the water over your affected eye. Hold the eyelids open.
  • Put your head down and turn it to the side. Then hold the eyelids of your affected eye open under a running faucet.

Wash your hands with soap and water. After the chemical is flushed out, thoroughly rinse your hands to be sure no residual chemical is left on them.

Mild chemical eye burns often heal within a few days. If discomfort continues, seek immediate medical care. Your doctor may prescribe:

  • Antibiotic medicine to prevent infection caused by bacteria. This may be given as an eye drop or ointment.
  • Pain medicine to decrease the pain. This medicine may be given as an eye drop or pill.
  • Cycloplegic medicine dilates your pupil and relaxes your eye muscles to help decrease discomfort.
  • Steroids may be given to reduce inflammation.

In more severe conditions, surgery may be necessary:

  • Debridement removes any damaged tissue in your eye to decrease inflammation and help your eye heal.
  • Tenoplasty rebuilds damaged parts of your eyeball and restores the surface of your eye.
  • Tissue grafting replaces damaged tissue in your eye.
  • Transplant replaces your damaged cornea or other parts of your eye.

During treatment and recovery, refrain from the following:

  • Don’t rub the eye — this may cause more damage.
  • Don’t put anything except water or contact lens rinsed in saline in the eye. Don’t use eye drops unless instructed by your doctor.
  • Don’t rub or apply pressure to the eye.

What Precautions Should I Take?

Reduce the risk of a chemical eye burn by taking precautions. These include:

  • Always wear protective eye wear, such as goggles that fit closely around your eyes. Use safety glasses if the risk of splash is low or if the liquid is non-toxic. Use safety goggles when working with highly toxic chemicals and substances.
  • Do not touch your eyes when you work with chemicals.
  • Follow the instructions on the container when you use chemicals that may hurt your eyes.
  • Create an action plan in case you or someone gets burned. Know where the best water or liquid source is located for rinsing your eyes.

If you’re concerned about possible long-term damage caused from any chemical eye burn or eye injury, get in contact with Advanced Eye Medical today.

Here are 8 Reasons You May Have Sore Eyes

Sore Eyes: Benign or Something More Concerning?

Eye conditions and diseases can occur in patients both young and old, for an array of reasons. Some are benign, while others manifest in physical discomfort.

Sore eyes are an unpleasant sensation in or around one or both eyes. Your eyes may feel gritty, tender or tired. You may have several other symptoms along with sore eyes, including eye pain, redness, itchiness, swelling, tearing, or discharge from the eyes. Depending on the underlying cause, your healthcare provider may advise the use of different treatment options.

What are the Causes?

Sore eyes can be caused by a variety of reasons. In most cases, they are caused by staring at a computer or book for too long. Other causes may include:

1. Airborne irritants can trigger soreness in sensitive eyes. The air is filled with pollutants, chemical smoke from factories, automobile exhaust, smog, and more. At certain times of the year, notably in the springtime, pollen can be a powerful irritant.

Other airborne eye irritants include dust and other fine particles stirred up by strong winds, dust, and debris. General irritants, airborne or otherwise, may include:

  • Contact lens wear
  • Excessive rubbing of eyes
  • Inflammation caused by allergens or infections
  • Too much sun exposure
  • Dry eyes or inadequate lubrication of eye surface
  • Viral infections such as the common cold
  • Blepharitis
  • Pink eye

2. Contact lenses or glasses can easily cause irritation for those unaccustomed to them, especially if they are worn incorrectly or for too long. If you are experiencing sore eyes and wear contacts, check with your eye doctor to see whether the source of your eye pain might be your contact lens. It is possible that you are inserting them incorrectly or the fit is incorrect. You may simply need time to get used to a new prescription or may need to have your existing prescription changed or updated. This applies to glasses, as well.

3. Excessive rubbing of eyes can cause sore eyes in those who have compulsive behavior causing them to rub their eyes constantly.

4. Inflammation caused by allergens such as animal dander, pollen, dust, and other common airborne substances can trigger allergic reactions. In reaction to these triggers, you body releases chemicals called histamines, which cause itching, sneezing, and eye inflammation.

5. Sun exposure can cause your eyes to become sore because your eyes are irritated by the UV rays and the eye muscles become fatigued from constant squinting. To avoid this problem, always be sure to wear a hat and sunglasses when you go out in the sun, and be sure your sunglasses are designed to offer maximum UV protection.

6. Dry eyes syndrome is a medical condition, which can cause painful, sore eyes.

7. Excessive computer use may cause eye fatigue, which can in turn cause sore eyes. If you spend a good portion of your day staring at a computer monitor, electronic display or even a book, sore eyes can irritate and cause discomfort.

Digital displays, in particular, are concerning for patients with sore eyes. The human eye cannot focus on computer pixels for a long duration of time, and it must continually readjust while you are working at your computer. Over time, this causes a repetitive stress and injury to the eye.

8. Viral infections can sometimes cause sore eyes such as pink eye (also known as conjunctivitis) or cellulitis (eyelid infection).

Symptoms

Sore eyes can wreck havoc on everyday activities. If you are experiencing the following symptoms, consult your eye doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

  • Redness of the eyes
  • Discomfort
  • Burning
  • Gritty sensation
  • Photophobia (sensitivity to light)
  • Pain
  • Difficulty opening eyes after sleeping
  • Eyelids stuck together after sleeping
  • Watery discharge
  • Soreness
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat

Treatment Options

If you have sore eyes, seek medical attention. Treatment for sore eyes can begin once a diagnosis is made, and prevent further damage to your eyes.

Depending on the cause of your condition, your ophthalmologist or optometrist may prescribe you anti-inflammatory or antibiotic eye drops or ointments. To relieve discomfort at home, here are a few tips to implement:

  • Warm compression to your eyes for five to ten minutes, three times a day
  • Get more sleep at night
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day
  • Eat a well-balanced diet
  • Avoid rubbing your eyes
  • Take “eye breaks” from activities that may be causing eye strain, such as prolonged computer use

If your sore eye symptoms are not easing, then be sure to get in touch with Dr. Ghosheh at Advanced Eye Medical.

This is How Computer Screens Affect Your Eyes

Just How Bad Are Computer Screens for Your Eyes?

Nowadays, people of all ages are spending more hours focused on digital screens – whether it’s a computer screen at work, or a smart phone screen or TV screen to relax. Inevitably, all of that staring can put a real strain on the eyes.

How does the Computer Screen Affect Vision?

Computer screens affect vision through repetition. Just like repetitive stress injuries at work, continuous strain on the eyes by digital screens can result in discomfort and pain.

When you stare at a computer screen, it requires the eyes’ continual focus, moving back and forth and realigning what you are seeing. If you look down at papers then back at the computer screen, the eyes have to accommodate to changing images on the screen in order to create a clear picture for the brain to interpret.

All of these functions occur within milliseconds, and require significant effort from eye muscles. It adds more strain than reading a book or piece of paper because a computer screen fluctuates in contrast, flicker, and glare.

Symptoms and Signs

Regular computer use can be the source of significant eye strain and discomfort. If you have computer vision syndrome, you may experience some or all of these symptoms:

  • Blurred vision
  • Double vision
  • Dry, red eyes
  • Eye irritation
  • Headaches
  • Neck or back pain

If these symptoms are not treated, they can have a negative effect on your work performance.

Relief and Treatment

If you work in front of a computer all day, you’re likely familiar with the above symptoms – irritated, fuzzy, and dry eyes. Just two hours in front of a screen starts to put people at risk, especially when that amount of time is easy to hit when you combine computer work, smart phone usage, television, etc. Here are a few things you can do to minimize the discomfort and potential damage:

  • Use proper lighting. Reduce the glare on the computer by adjusting the lighting around you. Adjust the monitor and close the shades. Reduce interior lighting by using fewer light bulbs or fluorescent tubes. Position your computer monitor or screen so windows are to the side, not front or behind.
  • Enlarge the text. Staring at small text can put strain on your eyes by squinting, resulting in fatigue and headaches. Enlarge the text size and color contrast to make things easier to read.
  • Give your eyes a break. When we stare at screens, we often forget to take a break. Look away from the screen every 20 minutes and either gaze out the window or around the room to rest your eyes. If time allows, take four additional five-minute breaks throughout the workday. This will increase productivity. If unsure of what to do during these breaks, stand up, move around and stretch your arms, legs, back, neck, and shoulders to reduce tension and muscle fatigue.
  • Remember to blink. People often forget to blink while working at a computer. Tears coating the eye evaporate more rapidly during long non-blinking periods and can cause dry eyes. The air in many offices is dry, which can increase how quickly your tears evaporate. If you experience dry eyes, consult your doctor about artificial tears for use during the day. Try this exercise throughout the day to ease discomfort in the eyes: every 20 minutes, blink 10 times – slowly. This will help rehydrate your eyes.
  • Exercise your eyes. Reduce the risk of tiring your eyes by looking away from you computer every 20 minutes, and gaze at a distant object 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds. This encourages the eyes to relax the muscles inside the eye to reduce fatigue. Another exercise is to look far away at an object for 10-15 seconds then gaze at something up-close for 10-15 seconds. Do this 10 times. This exercise will help reduce the risk of your eyes locking up after prolonged computer use.
  • Consider computer eyewear. For additional comfort at you computer, modify your eyeglasses prescription to create customized computer glasses. This is ideal if you normally wear contact lenses, which may become dry and uncomfortable during sustained computer usage. If you wear contacts, try silicone hydrogel contact lenses for more comfort.

If you’re struggling with an eye health problem that doesn’t appear to be going away, be sure to get in contact with Dr. Ghosheh at Advanced Eye Medical. He can help diagnose what’s causing your issues and provide you with the necessary processes to resolving it.