Eye Protection for Sports

Although protective eye gear may not look all that cool when you’re in action on the court or in the field, it often times gets the job done when it comes to shielding those precious eyes from harm’s way.

When it comes to safety in sports, most wouldn’t think twice about wearing a helmet to cushion their head or putting on enough pads and braces to support the bones and the joints. Athletes of all sorts take extra caution to prevent the onset of bumps, bruises, and other unnecessary injuries—so why not do the exact same thing to hinder a scratched cornea, a fractured eye socket, or in more serious cases, a loss of vision?

Aches and broken bones more often than not will heal over time, but any serious eye injury can be detrimentally disabling. Here are some things to keep in mind when getting ready for your next big game.

The Scoop on Sports Eye Injuries

An alarming 25,000 people seek treatment for sports-related eye injuries each year, according to Prevent Blindness. Even non-contact sports such as badminton sometimes can present inherent dangers to the eyes, which is why hospital emergency rooms treat more than 40,000 eye injuries annually caused in some way or the other by sports.

Most of these inquires, however, can be easily prevented with the use of proper safety goggles such as lensed polycarbonate protectors, or by wearing professionally approved helmets and face shields. It is also important to remember that regular glasses do not and will not provide enough protection for the eyes, since protective eyewear, which is made of ultra-strong polycarbonate, is ten times more impact resistant and does not reduce vision.

Types of Eye Protection for Sports

In order to reduce the risks of hazards such as out-of-control balls, flying equipment, and unwanted pokes or jabs from other players’ protective eyewear should be made a regular part of any sports uniform.

There are numerous types of protective eyewear available on the market with various lenses each with various thicknesses depending on specific activities or special eye conditions. Those with only one functional eye should wear sports eye protectors under their sport face mask (such as a football helmet) for added protection.

Be sure, though, that for ultimate impact resistance, the sports goggles or glasses used are approved by ASTM International and adhere to all sports standards. Sturdy glasses or sunglasses with impact-resistant polycarbonate frames should be used for lower-impact sports such as cycling and running to help protect the eyes.

The Best for Each Sport

If you’re having trouble picking and choosing which exact protective gear to make use of, review the list of sports below to help you choose the best options for protecting your eyes while engaged in each sport:

  • Badminton (sports goggles)
  • Baseball (batting: face guard attached to helmet; fielding: sports goggles)
  • Basketball (sports goggles)
  • Cycling (cycling eyewear)
  • Fencing (full face cage)
  • Field hockey (goalie: face mask; others: sports goggles)
  • Football (face shield attached to helmet)
  • Handball (sports goggles)
  • Ice hockey (helmet with full face protection)
  • Lacrosse — men (helmet and full face protection)
  • Lacrosse — women (minimum: sports goggles; recommended: helmet and full face protection)
  • Racquetball (sports goggles)
  • Shooting sports (shooting glasses)
  • Soccer (sports goggles, eye guards)
  • Squash (sports goggles)
  • Street hockey (goalie: full face cage; others: sports goggles)
  • Swimming (swim goggles recommended)
  • Tennis — doubles and singles (sports goggles)
  • Water polo (swim goggles recommended)

The weather is warming up and everything from baseball spring training to basketball March Madness are in full swing. Stay active this season while keeping those eyes free from harm.

For more ways to protect your vision or to schedule a consultation to help lead towards clearer sight when engaged in sports, contact Laser for Eyes today. You only have one pair of eyes and our goal is to help keep you happy and it healthy!




What are Eye Floaters?

Small spots that drift across your field of vision are known as eye floaters.  They become more noticeable when you are looking something bright.  They may be annoying but they will not interfere with your sight, but just what are eye floaters?

A larger floater may cast a slight shadow over your vision.  This tends to happen only under certain light conditions.  Some people learn to live with floaters and they ignore them.  You will probably notice them less as you get used to them.  However, on occasion, they may get bad enough to require treatment.

Symptoms of Eye Floaters

Floaters are so named because they move around in your eye and tend to move if you try to focus on it.  They come in different shapes:

  • black or gray dots
  • squiggly lines
  • threadlike strands
  • cobwebs
  • rings

They will not usually go away on their own, though you will notice them less over time.

What Causes Them?

Most floaters are comprised of collagen.  They are part of a substance in the back of your eye called the vitreous.  As you get older, protein fibers that make up the vitreous tend to shrink down and clump together.  The shadows that they cast on your retina are floaters.

These changes in your eye can happen at any age but are common between the ages of 50 and 75.  If you are nearsighted or have had cataract surgery, you are more likely to get floaters.

Though rare, floaters can also result from eye disease, and injury to the eye, diabetic retinopathy, and eye tumors.

When to See a Doctor

If you notice a few floaters and they do not change over time, there is no need for concern.  However, you should go to a doctor as soon as possible if you notice a sudden increase in the number of floaters, flashes of light, a loss of side vision, eye pain, or any changes that come quickly and get worse instead of better.

How are Floaters Treated?

If floaters are benign they do not require medical attention.  If they are annoying you, you can try to get them out of your vision by moving your eyes around; this will move the fluid around.  Looking up and down tends to work better than looking side to side.

If you have a multitude of floaters and they are blocking your vision, your eye doctor may recommend a vitrectomy (eye surgery).  The vitreous will be removed from the eye and replaced with a salt solution.  There are few risks involved with the procedure but there is the possibility of a detached or torn retina or cataracts.

A vitrectomy is performed by an ophthalmologist who has special training to treat problems with the retina.  The doctor will use small tools to remove the vitreous gel and at the end of the surgery he may inject an oil or gas bubble into the eye to lightly press the retina into the wall of the eye.  If oil is used, it will need to be taken out once the eye has healed.

Sometimes the surgery is done as an outpatient surgery and sometimes you will be required to stay at the hospital for the night.  Surgery lasts about 2 to 3 hours and the doctor may use a local or general anesthesia.  Once home you may have to keep your head in a certain position to help the gas or oil bubble push against the detachment.

If you’ve ever wondered what eye floaters are and would like a consultation, you can contact Laser for Eyes in the Orange County area.  They will be able to answer questions you may have about floaters and give you further advice on how to deal with them.

What Causes Night Blindness?

Night blindness occurs when a person experiences reduced night vision. It typically causes impaired vision in the darkness and does not impact vision in the light. This condition, unless accompanied by other eye disorders, is not true blindness. Even at nighttime, the eye is not ‘blind’ because the rods of the photoreceptor cells, which are needed for dim light, are not functioning correctly. However, night blindness symptoms are quite disruptive in everyday (and night) life.

Night Blindness Symptoms

Night blindness symptoms can vary on an individual basis for each patient. Symptoms include weak vision in dim light, difficulty seeing during night driving, and slow vision adaption between bright and dim light conditions. For a more adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they are indeed night blindness symptoms, consult your doctor.

What Causes Night Blindness?

To identify the causes of night blindness, it is important to understand the function of rods and cones in your eye. The rods and cones in your eye are the photoreceptors that take in light and pass information through the optic nerve to your brain for interpretation. The rods are responsible for vision in dim light and if these cells are impaired, poor or no night vision occurs.

Night blindness is a genetic defect-related condition associated with failure of rods and cones to function correctly. When this occurs, the rods in your retina do not respond to the light and you cannot see in dim light conditions. Poor vision, especially at night, is present in many vision conditions. If you have difficulty seeing at night, consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis.

Common conditions associated with night blindness include:

 Diabetes. Night blindness is an early indicator of damage due diabetes.
 Cataracts. Early signs of cataracts are poor night vision with halos around lights, glare and blurry vision.
 Myopia. Night blindness can be a sign of untreated myopia.
 Vitamin A Deficiency. Night blindness is one of the first signs of vitamin A deficiency, which is commonly associated with malnutrition. The vitamin deficiency often develops in malnourished children who are too young to recognize a problem with their night vision.

Other conditions that may result in poor night vision include: celiac disease, cystic fibrosis, bile duct obstruction, cirrhosis of the liver, lasik eye surgery, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, macular degeneration, retinal detachment, and vitreous detachment.

Am I at Risk of Night Blindness?

 Age. Older adults have a greater risk of developing night blindness due to cataracts than children or young adults.
 Malnutrition. Vitamin A plays a role in transforming nerve impulses into images in the retina. The retina is a light-sensitive area in the back of your eye. Malnutrition and absorption of vitamin A can lead to night blindness.
 High Blood Glucose. People who have high blood glucose or diabetes have a higher risk of developing eye diseases, such as cataracts.

How to Live with Night Blindness?

To diagnose night blindness, your eye doctor will take a detailed medical history and examine your eyes to diagnose night blindness. You may also need to give a blood sample to measure your vitamin A and glucose levels.

Night blindness caused by nearsightness, cataracts or vitamin A deficiency is treatable. Corrective lenses, such as eyeglasses or contacts, can improve nearsighted vision during day and at night.

If you are diagnosed with night blindness, here are a few tips to help you lead a healthier life.

• Increase your visibility. Clean your headlights.
• Slow down. Give yourself more time to react to any unexpected hazards.
• Wear sunglasses outside. Amber and grey lenses ae the most effective protection against UVA/UVB and blue light.
• Get prescription glasses for driving at night. See your doctor to determine if they would be helpful.
• Get non-glare glasses. You can get non-glare glasses with a coating that have an anti-reflective coating.
• Drive during daytime. Even good lighting conditions at night can be troublesome to someone with night blindness.

If your night blindness is associated with vitamin A deficiency, your doctor might recommend vitamin supplements. However, if your condition is a result of cataracts, your doctor might recommend surgery to replace your cloudy lens with a clear, artificial lens.

How Can I Prevent Night Blindness?

You can’t prevent night blindness associated with birth defects or genetic conditions. You can, however, properly monitor your blood sugar levels and eat a balanced diet to make night blindness less likely.

Eat foods rich in antioxidant vitamins and minerals, which may also help prevent cataracts. Also choose foods that contain high levels of vitamin A to reduce your risk of night blindness. Excellent sources of vitamin A include cantaloupes, sweet potatoes, carrots, pumpkins, butternut squash, mangoes, spinach, collard greens, milk, and eggs.

For help or questions regarding problems with your eyesight please do not hesitate to contact Advanced Eye Medical today to help you clear up your concerns and your vision.

Can Reading Vision Be Improved by Lasik?

Maybe you happen to be one of the many who are tired of wearing glasses or corrective lenses and believe that surgery may be the right option to help correct your vision. Or perhaps you are in the group that actually does not wear glasses but has passed the age of 40 and are now struggling to read small print after having developed a need for lenses to read or to see things up close.

Whether you’re in the former or latter group, many often turn to the option of LASIK surgery, a type of refractive eye surgery to a very delicate part of the eye that helps most people achieve 20/25 vision or better to help with better engagement with daily activities.

Millions have had LASIK done with success and the surgery itself has had a compelling track record. Most of the time, complications that result in any loss of vision are rare, with minor side effects to include dry eyes and temporary visual disturbances which typically clear up after a few weeks or months. Very few people consider LASIK to be a long-term problem, with those affected by mild nearsightedness having had the most success in the past. Individuals with a high degree of nearsightedness or farsightedness along with astigmatism have less predictable results. Is LASIK for reading a worth-while investment?

Understanding the Eyes

In order to see clearly, the cornea and the lens must bend — or refract — light rays so that they can focus on the retina, which then converts the light rays into impulses that are sent to the brain where they can be recognized as images.

If the light rays do not focus on the retina, the images are seen as blurry. These refractive errors occur with conditions such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism, which cause images to end up focusing elsewhere, resulting in blurred vision. The use of glasses, contact lenses, and refractive surgery helps reduce these errors by making light rays focus on the retina.

The Basics of LASIK

Although there are many different variations of laser refractive surgery, LASIK is the best known and most commonly performed. Shorthand for laser-assisted in situ keratomileusi, the LASIK procedure reshapes the cornea. Before making a decision, however, here are some important factors to consider:

  • As with any surgery, there are risks and possible complications, as the surgery is done to a very delicate part of your eye and cannot be reversed. Though millions of people have had LASIK– many very successfully– it is not for everyone.
  • LASIK may not give you perfect vision and cannot completely correct or prevent presbyopia (the age-related loss of focusing power for seeing near objects). Those over the age of forty are still likely to need reading glasses as the years pass.
  • The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) reported that 9 out of 10 patients achieved somewhere between 20/20 and 20/40 vision, but 20/40 vision may not always be sharp enough for certain work or leisure activities.
  • Benefits of the LASIK procedure diminishes over time, with more than 10 percent of LASIK patients in the U.S. requiring a second surgery, called “retreatment,” to restore the desired vision correction. This is most common for those who were formerly nearsighted or farsighted, or had higher astigmatism.

What to Expect

Before a LASIK procedure, eye surgeons will normally assess detailed measurements of your eye and then use a special type of cutting laser to precisely alter the curvature of the cornea. With each pulse of the laser beam, a tiny amount of corneal tissue is removed, allowing surgeons to flatten the curve of the cornea or make it steeper. A flap in the cornea is created and then raised up to reshape the cornea.

There are also variations in which a very thin flap is raised or no flap is used at all or no flap at all is raised. There are several surgical alternatives to LASIK, each with their own advantages and disadvantages including:

  • Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK): In surgery using PRK, including Epi-LASIK and LASEK, rather than forming a flap, surgeons scrape away the top surface (epithelium).
  • Conductive Keratoplasty (CK): A thermal refractive surgery procedure used to correct mild to moderate farsightedness (hyperopia) in people over age 40 by using a tiny probe that releases controlled amounts of radio frequency (RF) energy– instead of a laser– to apply heat to the peripheral portion of the cornea.
  • Phakic Intraocular Lens (IOL): An IOL is a form of implantable contact lens that is surgically put inside the eye in front of the lens. This is routinely done as part of cataract surgery and is something to consider instead of LASIK for older adults who may need cataract surgery in the future. Certain types of IOLs, such as Multifocal or accommodative lenses, not only improve distance vision but also eliminate the need for reading glasses.Younger people with high degrees of nearsightedness that cannot be satisfactorily treated with corrective lenses may also be offered implantable lenses, though it is not a common alternative for most individuals.

Let Us Help: LASIK for Reading

It is important to remember that different eye surgeons specialize in specific types of laser eye procedures. The differences among them are generally minor and none are clearly better than any others, as it all ends up depending on individual circumstances, wants, and needs

For more information about LASIK for reading and other vision correction procedures, contact Laser for Eyes today. The human eye is marvelously complex and our goal is to help you keep it happy and healthy!


How 3D Entertainment Affects Our Vision

There’s no denying that all things 3D has surged in popularity through the roof in recent years, especially within commercial movies, video games, and other forms of popular entertainment. The rise and expansion of three-dimensional technology, however, raises various concerns about the possible adverse side effects on viewers. Is 3-D healthy for your eyes? Do the increased rating of symptoms of nausea, oculomotor, and disorientation or the studies claiming that the viewing of 3D stereoscopic stimuli can cause vision disorders to manifest in previously asymptomatic individuals actually hold true? Here is all you need to know about how 3D glasses work and how 3D entertainment affects our vision.

How 3D Glasses Work

So, while there are die-hard 3D moviegoers all around, it seems that many do in fact struggle to see the images shown come to life and leap off the screen. The American Optometric Association estimated that 3–9 million Americans have problems in binocular vision and, consequently, in viewing 3D movies. Because 3D films attempt to imitate how we see things dimension-wise, the toll it takes on our vision is definitely something worth taking note of.

In the theater (as well as in television and gaming systems), the use of 3D aids the events on the screen to feel more real, putting the audience right in the middle of the action. Yet, because our eyes are several inches apart from one another and each have a different perspective, each eye actually holds a slightly different view of the world. It is the brain that learns to fuse the two images, allowing one 3D image to form– and since 3D movies are filmed using two lenses spaced about two to three inches apart (like the eyes), most 3D films appear fuzzy or blurry when looked at without special glasses. The filters on 3D glasses allow one image to enter each eye, helping our minds create the illusion of a three-dimensional image, just as they would in the real world.

3D Movies and Headaches

For 3D entertainment to work and actually be enjoyed, good binocular vision is needed. If both eyes are not in complete coordination with one another, the proper three-dimensional effect cannot be attained.

Unfortunately, 30% of the population suffers from marginal binocular vision, meaning that their visual coordination is slightly off, making them more susceptible to negative side effects such as headaches, dizziness, and nausea while watching 3D films.

How to Protect Those Eyes

If you’re an avid 3D fan but suffer from monocular or borderline binocular vision, ways to help reduce the effects of engagement with 3D entertainment might include vision therapy or a series of special techniques that help people learn how to better coordinate the eyes. Many eye doctors specialize in binocular vision therapy and techniques used in the past have often extended to viewing of 3D images.

Also make sure to apply the 20-20-20 rule when enjoying 3D entertainment. A regular habit of taking a 20-second break every 20 minutes to stretch, breathe, and focus on something 20 feet away not only allows for a chance to rest and relax, but also for lessened chances of red eyes, headaches, and squinting. Basically, as with the use of anything, moderation is key.

Let Us Help

If you are experiencing negative side effects while watching 3D movies, or simply have trouble viewing them, it is time to get your eyes checked. To learn more about the effects of 3D on vision or to schedule a consultation to help lead towards clearer sight, contact Laser for Eyes today. The human eye is marvelously complex and our goal is to keep it healthy!


Lasik Recovery

Many people are unsure whether or not to undergo Lasik surgery. Aside from the pre-procedure jitters, many can agree on the benefits of the Lasik procedure. The Lasik process is a simple outpatient procedure that has proven results and success for many patients. It is important to flesh out the Lasik recovery process to overcome any reservations you may have. There have been millions of Lasik patients whose lives have been transformed with their improved eyesight. Why not revamp your vision with Lasik eye surgery?

Lasik Surgery

Lasik Surgery is done as a quick, outpatient procedure. Initially, the patient’s eyesight deficiencies are clearly pinpointed through a 3-D wavescan map. Numbing drops are then placed in both eyes to prepare for the surgery. After the drops have properly numbed the area, the doctor will then create a corneal flap with the laser. Once the corneal flap is lifted, all mild to severe vision deficiencies will be corrected through this procedure. Then the flap will be placed back to finish the Lasik process. After the procedure, the doctor will place a shield over the eyes to further protect the results.

Lasik Recovery

Immediately after the Lasik procedure, the recovery process begins. After the surgery, the patients will be given eye drops to avoid infections and inflammation. Patients are able to return to work same day with this easy outpatient procedure. 24 hours after the procedure, the doctor will schedule a follow-up appointment to evaluate the patient’s progress thus far. It is crucial to develop a relationship with your Lasik doctor to make sure your recovery is on the right track. Vision will still be adjusting days after surgery, but rest assured that most patients experience results within the first week of the Lasik procedure.

Lasik’s Proven Success!

According the FDA, studies have shown that more than 95% of patients of the Lasik eye surgery have been satisfied with their vision. This study also noted that 99% of patients within the study did not experience any problems with their vision after the procedure. Around 95.4% of Lasik patients, worldwide, reported satisfaction with the Lasik eye surgery, as found in a study done by the American Academy of Ophthalmology. In another study done by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, it was noted that within a three-year time frame, patient satisfaction grew greater and greater each year.

Recovery Tips 

To ensure a smooth recovery, here are some helpful tips to heal your eyesight with ease. It is important to adjust your lifestyle when recovering from Lasik eye surgery. Follow your doctor’s instructions to ensure a seamless recovery. Apply eye drops and artificial tear drops as prescribed and directed by your doctor. Do not rub your eyes at all after surgery, they are in the midst of healing and should be left entirely alone. Soap and water should be strictly kept out of eyes within the first week. If you at work staring at a screen or just at home staring at your phone, breaks should be incorporated into your day. Staring at electronic screens can cause dryness within the eyes which may alter your recovery process.

Avoid any hot tubs, swimming pools and any areas where bacteria can grow. Do not partake in any intense sports or activities that may cause sweat to enter your eyes. No makeup or eye creams should be applied within a week after the procedure. Make sure that sunglasses are being worn to protect against any harmful UV rays when outside. Protecting your eyes is key to a successful recovery.

The Lasik procedure continues to be a simplistic procedure, with a speedy recovery period and proven success. If you are open to all the beneficial results that the Lasik eye procedure has to offer, contact Dr. Ghosheh. Evaluate your candidacy and improve your vision with Lasik at Advanced Eye Medical Group.


The Lasik Process

Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis or Lasik for short, is a vision correction eye surgery that eliminates the use or need of eyeglasses or corrective lenses. The Lasik procedure continues to be one of the most revered laser vision correction surgeries out there. Before proceeding with Lasik surgery, it is important for the patient to understand the entire process through research and a consultation with their eye doctor. For all questions regarding Lasik surgery in Orange County, contact Advanced Eye Medical, as every patient’s needs are different.

Are you a Candidate?

Candidates for the Lasik procedure are at least 21 years old. Typically, at the age of 21, eyesight is fully developed, making it easier to pinpoint and treat problems with vision. Candidates should be in good health before Lasik, therefore presenting no potential risks during surgery. Candidates should have a stable vision prescription for at least one year.

The doctor will then evaluate the patient’s current prescription to fully assess if Lasik surgery is right for the patient. No existing eye disease should be present, thus further ensuring a smooth vision correction surgery.

How to Prepare for your Lasik Surgery

During the initial consultation, your doctor will provide you with an overview the Lasik procedure. They will evaluate your candidacy for laser vision correction surgery. Your doctor will then assess your medical history to address any potential complications. During this appointment, necessary vision tests and eye examinations will be performed. Your doctor will also answer any questions or concerns about the surgery, if needed. If you are considered a good candidate for Lasik, your doctor will schedule the procedure.

The day before the surgery, it is advised to stop using creams, lotions, makeup and perfumes around the eye area to lessen the risk of infection during and after surgery. Transportation should be arranged to and from the Lasik procedure.

The Lasik Procedure

Lasik is a quick and simple outpatient surgical procedure. This procedure typically takes around 10 minutes to complete. First, a personalized vision profile is created with the help of Advanced CustomVue® Wavescan technology. A 3-D map of the patient’s eye is created to view every angle of the patient’s vision deficiencies. Before the surgery begins, numbing eye drops are administered to the patient’s eyes. Once the drops have begun the numbing process, a corneal flap is created with the Intralase laser. Using the corneal flap, the Advanced CustomVue treatment will use the VISX Star S4™ excimer laser to treat mild to severe vision problems. After the procedure is finished, the doctor will return the corneal flap to its original state. A shield is then placed over the eyes to protect and heal the vision corrections made during the procedure.

Lasik Recovery

Following the Lasik procedure, patients will be given eye drops to help prevent infections and inflammation. Most patients will see results a few days after surgery. A follow-up appointment with the doctor will be booked 24 hours within the surgery. Patients can return to work the day after surgery. It is important to keep in contact with your doctor to ensure a seamless healing process.

Lasik Eye Surgery in Orange County

Improve your vision with our specialized laser vision correction surgery. Contact Dr. Ghosheh to see if you are a candidate for Lasik eye surgery in Orange County and start your journey to better eyesight with Advanced Eye Medical Group.