Common Eye Injuries and How to Treat Them

Our eyes keep a vigil lookout for any potential dangers that may cause us bodily harm. But what happens when the eye itself is hurt? It leaves us vulnerable, discombobulated, and most notably, pained.

The eyeball is incredibly fragile; that’s why your mother always told you not to stick anything in there. But mom was really on to something. Share this article with her and thank her for keeping your peepers healthy for so many years.

The following is a list of eye injury guidelines that will help you keep your vision clear and unscathed.

General Rule of Thumb: No Thumbs

When an eye injury occurs, our immediate instinct is to rub the pain away, but instincts can be dangerous. It is never a good idea to manipulate, irritate, or in any way scratch the retina, even if it gives you temporary pain relief. There may be some complex trauma going on that you can’t see with your naked, and afflicted, eye; avoid rubbing and you’ll avoid exacerbating the damage.

This blanket rule applies to common eye injuries in general, but now let’s drill down and get specific about various eye injuries.

Black Eyes on the Prize

Blunt trauma to the face sometimes leaves you looking like a one-eyed bandit, but black eyes are just unfashionable bruises. The best way to treat them is with a cold compress, but don’t press too hard. Just place a chilled cloth against the area gently. If your eye continues to hurt or swell up, then your best course of action would be to visit a doctor for further instruction.

Stray Objects

“Stray objects” covers a lot of ground, right? Well, let’s end with the vagaries and talk turkey.

  • SMALL ITEMS – If dust or sand blows into your eye, the best solution is solution, namely eyewash. Flush until your vision clears and pain subsides.
  • LARGER ITEMS – When a more sizable chunk of debris affects your eye, here’s what you do: gently pull your upper lid down over the lashes of your lower lid and blink repeatedly and rapidly. You will produce natural tears that should help flush out the unwanted visitor.

In either of the above scenarios, if the item doesn’t exit your eye, try to keep it closed and get a loved one to drive you to the doctor’s office.

Chemical Spills

Toxic chemicals lurk in virtually every household worldwide. Cleaning products, cosmetics, hot sauce – you don’t want any of these dousing your eyes. Rinse the offending chemicals out with water or eyewash. If irritation continues, consult a medical professional.

Staring at the Sun

First of all, don’t stare at the sun. Always wear sunglasses when you’re braving the bright rays of summer and avoid direct visual contact with that blazing celestial wonder in the sky. But if you do happen to suffer UV exposure, stay in a darker space for a few days and lubricate your eyes with drops.

Punctures

Speaking of seeing your doctor, this situation demands medical attention. Don’t rinse the wound with water or take ant-inflammatory pills because either of these actions could accelerate blood loss. Also, do not try to remove the item yourself. Just avoid manipulating it and get to an emergency room.

The human eye is marvelously complex. Even if you used one of the aforementioned remedies for any common eye injuries, you may still suffer complications further down the road. If you have any lingering concerns, please contact our offices for help, health, and happiness. Our goal is to look out for you!

10 Surprising Eye Facts

How much do you know about your eyes? Aside from the basics you learn in biology class, the eyes are a much more complex organ that you may think. Your eyes can perceive over 100 million colors and are incredible sensitive to light; this can be reflected in how well someone can distinguish different colors or how well they can see at night. This is just the tip of the iceberg. Take in the sight of these ten surprising eye facts.

1. You can see upside down.

Your eyes can recognize when an image is upside down (for instance, when you are looking at the concave side of a spoon), however, your brain will correct the image before we even understand what you are seeing.

2. It is possible to get sunburn on your eyes.

Sunburn on your eyes is not the same as sunburn on your skin. When your skin is sunburned, the pain is usually instant and results in redness and peeling. When your eyes are sunburn, it is usually a result of prolonged, gradual, and intense exposure to UV rays. Often, this can result in temporary blindness and thickened tissue around the eye. If the condition is severe, you may need to see a doctor for corrective eye surgery.

3. Eye color can help predict your personality.

If you are someone with blue eyes, rejoice! People who have blue eyes are much more tolerant of alcohol and can hold their liquor better than most other people. Anything from how you react to criticism to how you throw a Frisbee can be predicted by your color.

4. Eyes heal incredibly fast.

As you know, your eyes are incredibly sensitive. Anything that irritates them often causes eye pain and redness, which can be extremely uncomfortable and distracting. But, did you know that the eyes heal from abrasions within 48 hours? This is faster than any other part of the human body. If you experience an abrasion on your eye that does last more than two days, it is important to go and see your eye doctor as soon as possible. This could be an indication of an infection.

5. Newborns have extremely limited eye sight.

Normally, a person can have up to 20/20 vision. This means they can see up to 20 feet in front of them with clarity. Newborns, however, can only see up to 15 inches in front of them when they first open their eyes. As they grow older, the eyes gradually strengthen and become more accustomed to seeing longer distances.

6. Melanocytes are responsible for eye coloration.

Like in skin, melanocytes are responsible for how light or dark the color your irises are. People with more melanocytes will have darker eye colors; and the number of melanocytes a person has is encoded in their DNA.

7. People are born with lighter color eyes than they have today.

When we are born, we are not born with any special pigmentation such as freckles or moles. This is also applied to our eyes. Pigmentation occurs during the first year of life, so as newborns grow older their light eyes can become darker over time.

8. Your eyes know why you are crying.

Ever wonder why you cry when cutting onions? Well, that is because your eyes are trying to flush the toxins that onions produce from your body via your tear ducts. Or, when you cry after a particularly emotional event like a break up or funeral, your eyes produce protein rich tears that help with pain by reducing the built-up manganese and prolactin in your system. Your eyes also produce basal tears which help to combat dryness and irritation.

9. Your eyelashes grow back every five months.

Eye lashes are used to deflect debris such as dust from getting into and irritating the eye. Like all the other hairs on your body, they grow back to replace the ones that may have fallen out over time.

10. Your eye is more complicated than you think.

Your eye is slightly smaller than the size of a gumball, so you would think that the mechanics of your eye would be relatively simple. But, your eye has over 2 million working parts, over 1 million of those are optic nerve fibers.

Overall, your eyes are much more amazing than we give them credit for. So, take some time to appreciate all the amazing things they do. And be sure to throw on a pair of sunglasses too!

For a consultation towards clear vision, or to clear up any questions you may have, contact Laser for Eyes today. We are standing by to answer any of your concerns, and to help you get your vision back to where you want it. Join our growing family of happy customers who trust us with their eyes.

The Dangers of Glaucoma

We put a lot of trust in our eyes. They keep us out of danger, observe the beauty and wonders of the world, and serve as a window into our personalities. But what happens when the pressure on our eyes gets too great?

Glaucoma is a disorder in which the optic nerve is pushed beyond its limits, suffering irreparable harm and loss of vision. These damages can never be reversed, but they can be prevented and slowed as much as medically possible. Awareness is your greatest weapon against this threat to your precious eyesight.

Under Pressure

In a healthy eyeball, a fluid called aqueous humor flows between the lens and the cornea. This acts as a filtration system, of sorts, and must maintain a healthy balance in order to sustain optimal functionality. However, when the aqueous humor fails to drain properly, it builds up pressure and causes complications. This is the definition of glaucoma.

The longer the disorder rages on, the worse it ravages your health. Understanding your risks and addressing your situation can help stave off the worst ramifications of glaucoma.

Types of Glaucoma

While glaucoma is defined generally as a build up of pressure in the eyeball, there are various ways in which this can occur.

  • OPEN ANGLE – This phenomenon occurs when the angle between the iris and cornea stays open, but the fluid flowing between the two gets trapped by your trabecular meshwork (the tissue lining the angle of connection). It is the most common form of glaucoma and happens so gradually that vision loss can occur before you are aware of any problem.
  • CLOSED ANGLE – If the iris bulges forward, it can close the angle of drainage between itself and the cornea. Acute angle closure can be caused by sudden pupil dilation and it is a medical emergency; see a doctor immediately.
  • NORMAL TENSION – If your aqueous humor flows normally, you can still suffer from glaucoma if your optic nerve fails to get the blood supply it needs. This can be caused by an excess of fatty deposits in your arteries and gets worse over time.
  • PIGMENTARY GLAUCOMA – Overexertion can release a flood of pigment granules from your iris which then get trapped in your trabecular meshwork, thus causing a blockage between the iris and cornea.

Early Detection

Patients who suffer from open-angle glaucoma report instances of tunnel vision and patches of vision loss in their periphery. Do not ignore these glaucoma symptoms. Routine eye exams can determine if you are experiencing the early stages of glaucoma. Ophthalmologists recommend glaucoma screenings every four years for individuals 40 years and over, then every two years for those 65 and up. The two-year rule also applies to those genetically predisposed to glaucoma risk factors. Know your family history; know your risks.

Angle closure induced glaucoma is a more pressing matter. Glaucoma symptoms include headaches, nausea, blurry vision and seeing halos around light sources. Consult a doctor immediately if you believe you are experiencing these issues.

Glaucoma Treatment

The bad news: once glaucoma has set in, its damage can’t be reversed. The good news: the spread of glaucoma can be drastically slowed through treatments such as eye drops, medications, drainage, and other surgical means. Early testing is the best way to prevent the disease from ravaging your eyesight, so check for the warning signs and contact a physician with any and all concerns.

When glaucoma is ignored, it inevitably leads to blindness. Even among those patients who seek medical help, blindness in at least one eye will occur within 20 years of the disease’s onset. Don’t be a statistic; get ahead of glaucoma before it gets the best of you.

For vision that you have to see to believe and more about cataract surgery in Orange County, contact Advanced Eye Medical today!

5 Common Eye Problems and How They Affect You

The eyes are arguably one of the most delicate organs in the human body. Not only are they consistently exposed, but they are incredible sensitive to external factors such as light, dust and dirt, chemicals, and more. While these factors can contribute to eye disorders such as pinkeye or eye strain. The good news, however, is common eye problems such as these are completely treatable. So, in case you encounter any eye discomfort, here is a list of five common eye problems that you may encounter.

Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye)

Conjunctivitis or pinkeye, occurs when the tissue that lines the back the eyelid and covers the sclera becomes inflamed. This condition can cause itching, redness, discharge, burning, and the feeling of having something stuck in your eye. This condition can be a result from having an infection, exposure to anything that can irritate the eye and chemicals, or from allergies. Treatment can vary, from oral medication to eye drops (depending on the severity of the condition). To prevent it from happening, be sure to never directly touch or rub your eyes. If you do, be sure to wash your hands first.

Astigmatism

Astigmatism is a common eye disorder that causes blurry vision. This is a result of the cornea being misshaped or sometimes from the curvature of the lens inside the eye. This misshapenness results in the light refracted in the eye to hit the back of the eye improperly, making objects look blurry from a distance. Astigmatism can be treated in a number of different ways. Most commonly, special glasses or contact lenses are prescribed to patients to help correct the astigmatism. Patients also undergo eye surgery to help correct this condition as well.

Eye Strain + Add New Category

Eye strain is probably the most common eye disorder people experience on a daily basis. It occurs from staring at a computer screen or reading for long periods of time. This can cause fatigue and blurry vision, but is usually remedied by a few hours of rest. If the condition persists, however, it is important to consult your eye doctor to be safe.

Night Blindness

If you have trouble driving at night or can hardly navigate your way through a dark room, you likely have night blindness. Despite its name, night blindness is not a condition that renders the person completely blind, rather it describes the impaired vision someone may experience in low light conditions. Night blindness is actually a symptom of many other possible disorders such as near sightedness, cataracts, and vitamin A deficiency; all of which are treatable by a doctor.

Dry Eye

Dry eye occurs when your body cannot create quality tears to help keep them hydrated. Usually, dry eye can lead to a burning sensation and in very extreme cases, loss of vision. However, this condition can be treated in a number of ways such as taking supplements with omega-3s, the use of humidifiers in your home, eye drops, or the use of eye cream. In the case of chronic dry eye (a condition where someone consistently experiences these symptoms) a doctor can prescribe special eye drops to help the eye produce high quality tears.

While this list may seem intimidating, most of these disorders are minor and do not need a doctor to treat the symptoms. Many of the remedies for these disorders can be found in a pharmacy or can be cured by getting some rest. Of course, if you ever feel your symptoms escalate be sure to see a doctor just in case.

For a consultation towards clear vision, or to clear up any questions you may have, contact Laser for Eyes today. We are standing by to answer any of your concerns, and to help you get your vision back to where you want it. Join our growing family of happy customers who trust us with their eyes.