Considering Lasik Eye Surgery? Common Eye-Opening FAQs

Ready to toss the costly contacts, or ditch donning those cumbersome, fragile specs once and for all?  Maybe you’ve been seriously considered getting Lasik eye surgery for some time, but were confused about the potentially daunting details involved in the (quite simple) common eye correction procedure, or just want to brush up on the basics before meeting with renowned medical expert, Dr. Ghosheh. Either way, after this mini vision-fixing crash course, you’ll be sure to see things in a much different light.

What exactly is Lasik eye surgery?

Lasik is the surgical procedure where a cool, non-thermal beam of light (laser) gently reshapes the surface of the eye (cornea) to vastly improve vision.  The laser removes tissue fragments and debris to flatten the cornea (correcting nearsightedness), greaten the cornea (correcting farsightedness), or smooth out abnormalities (correcting astigmatism).  In laymen’s terms, Lasik reshapes the cornea so it can aptly and efficiently focus images onto the eye’s retina for precise, sharp vision.

I’ve also heard of PRK surgery.  What is the difference between PRK and Lasik?

Generally speaking, both PRK and Lasik are forms of refractive eye surgery. PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) specifically corrects nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hypermyopia), as well as astigmatism.  Predecessor to Lasik, their difference lies in the surgery’s initial steps. End results of PRK are arguably analogous to Lasik, but with significant regard to recovery, which is substantially slower with a PRK procedure. With PRK, it takes a few extra days for the eyes’ new epithelial cells to regenerate and cover the entire surface of the eye, whereas with Lasik, patients experience considerably less discomfort, while their newly improved sight stabilizes rather quickly, usually within a day or two.

Is Lasik safe?

FDA deems and certifies Lasik to be safe, proven, and highly long-term effective.  Minor complications, such as dry eye and nighttime glare or “halos,” are to be expected during the recovery phase and dissipate within a few days or sooner.  At most, more serious implications of Lasik, such as the possibility of blindness, are less than one percent, reportedly.

Can both eyes undergo Lasik at the same time?

Yes, as this is the most common protocol.

Does Lasik hurt?

No pain or major discomfort should be felt during the Lasik procedure. However, expect your medical professional to administer anesthetic drops to eyes prior to the process. Once procedure concludes, light pain medication may be prescribed, and is contingent on the patient’s medical history and/or if they happen to experience any discomfort.

How long does Lasik take to perform start to finish?

The entire process takes less than 15 minutes per eye and is done on an out-patient basis.

How do I know if I am a candidate for Lasik?

Your eye care professional can assess your candidacy and if Lasik will yield your desired outcomes.  But, here are a few key notes worth mentioning:

  • Demonstrate no signs of eye deficiencies/diseases, such as glaucoma, cataracts, infection, or severe dry eye affliction
  • Be 21 years of age or older
  • Possess stable vision over the last year
  • Not be pregnant, nursing, or suffering with hormonal fluctuations
  • Possess no degenerative or autoimmune disorders

When can I resume driving or operating machinery?

You may resume driving a vehicle, riding a bike, or operating machinery as soon as your vision completely clears, sans blurriness or nighttime glares. But, usually, the aforementioned activities should be avoided the day of your Lasik surgery.

When can I return to work?

Usually, you can resume work the following the day after your Lasik eye procedure.

Can I wear makeup?

Refrain from wearing any eye makeup to your Lasik procedure, but you may resume your normal beauty routine the next day.  Be sure to toss old products to avoid possible infection.

What sort of side effects can I expect from having Lasik surgery?

Following your much-anticipated Lasik procedure, you can expect a bit of dry eye, but nothing too serious that cannot be remedied using OTC eye drops.  Also, as mentioned earlier, you most likely will experience nighttime glaring or “halos” until the newly-corrected cornea adjusts.

Is Lasik eye surgery permanent?

In most cases, resoundingly improved eyesight results are permanent. However, in limited instances, some vision abnormalities can resurface, resulting in frustrating blurriness. Also, eyesight can naturally change and decline with the onset of the aging process. So, you should not ever need to resort to prescription eyeglasses and/or contact lenses like you did before your Lasik procedure, considering the process goes well.

For a consultation towards clear vision, or to clear up any questions you may have, contact Laser for Eyes today. We are standing by to answer any of your concerns, and to help you get your vision back to where you want it. Join our growing family of happy customers who trust us with their eyes.

Clear Skies Ahead: Save Your Sight with Cataract Surgery in Orange County

More than 3 million cataract surgeries are performed in the U. S. yearly, and with the rising elderly population, this statistic is expected to grow within the next 3 years. 

When you hear of cataract surgery, you probably envision ostensibly elder persons, but believe it or not, this common eye condition can begin to form as young as the age of 40 and is considered to be the number one cause of blindness. So, what are cataracts, exactly?

Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye forms a cloudy film, resulting in imminent blurred vision.  The leading cause is due mostly to the natural aging process, while other causes include cortisone medications, trauma, diabetes, and other diseases.  The transparency of the lens is compromised as a result of tissue deterioration and protein build-up.  Symptoms often include double or blurred vision and ultra-sensitivity to light and glares.  Your healthcare provider can easily diagnose cataracts by examining eyes with a viewing apparatus.  Most everyone will develop cataracts eventually, but diligently wearing sunglasses during the daylight hours helps to prolong healthy, cataract-free eyes.

Fortunately, cataract surgery has revolutionized tremendously over the last few decades, allowing for effortless removal and a lifelong cure without adverse side effects.  There are many safe and easy options to rid of your cataracts once and for all.  Here is a rundown that will help you see cataract surgery in a whole new light!

Once your doctor, or ophthalmologist, evaluates your unique sight-seeing situation, he/she can determine the most efficient, sight-saving solution tailored for your individual needs.  If your cataracts have reached an advanced stage where prescription eyeglasses are no longer cutting it, you’re most definitely a candidate for cataract surgery.

When choosing cataract surgery in Orange County, Dr. Ghosheh will ascertain the most viable trajectory of your impending cataract surgery, while implementing the latest, state-of-the-art technology to personalize your procedure. Generally, the entire operation entails making an incision in the eye and inserting an instrument about the size of pencil tip to dislodge and remove the cloudy lens.  Then, an IOL (intraocular lens) is carefully inserted into the same incision and is positioned permanently in place. The entire procedure is done on an out-patient basis, is virtually pain-free, and the cataract is forever removed, never to return.

Because cataract surgery candidates are not a one-size-fits-all, our practice offers an array of IOL lenses to meet your individual needs:

  • Monofocal Lens has one point of focus and yields clear distance vision. Eyeglasses may still be needed for tasks, such as reading or computer work.
  • Multi-focal Lens (RESTOR Lens) is specifically designed to replace cataracts while reversing presbyopia (loss of apt reading ability), simultaneously eliminating the need for glasses entirely. You enjoy a full range of clear vision, i.e., near, far, and everywhere!
  • Crystalens is a single-focus lens accommodating engineered to correct intermediate and near focusing capability. This cutting-edge lens works with your eye’s muscles natural ability, giving you that crystal-clear vision you remembered having in your youth.
  • Astigmatism-Correcting Lens (Toric IOL) provides patients that have significant corneal astigmatism with high-quality distance vision, with little reliance on glasses.

Whichever lens is chosen, it is uniquely developed to last a lifetime and needs no removing, replacing, or cleaning.  The only rare instance where a lens may need to be replaced, re-adjusted, or re-positioned is if the eye has undergone adverse inflammation or injury, causing the lens to dislocate.

Finally, your cataract surgery is complete once the cataract is removed and the IOL implementation is finished.  If needed, the doctor will forge a stitch over the incision.  A protective shield is then placed directly over the eye, ensuring its utmost protection during the recovery period, which lasts approximately a month.

For vision that you have to see to believe and more about cataract surgery in Orange County, contact Advanced Eye Medical today!


Seeing is Believing: Fountain of Youth Meets Functionality with Eyelid Surgery in Orange County

Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery or eye ‘lift’) is the common cosmetic procedure what removes or tightens the delicate, saggy skin around eyes, ultimately resulting in a more rested, refreshed, and rejuvenated appearance. Unsightly bagginess and puffiness, including superfluous skin, is extracted from the upper and lower lids (if necessary). The procedure boasts not only a multitude of beauty benefits, but functional and health ones as well.  If you are looking for a beautiful eyelid surgery in Orange County, let’s take a look at what exactly you can expect.

Eye for Beauty:  Peepers that “Pop!”

As bruising and swelling recede and incision lines begin to refine and rescind (which usually take close to a full year following surgery), the beautifying results of your eyelid surgery will reveal a more lifted, alert, and youthful-looking appearance. The eye’s surrounding area will resemble a smoother, more defined contour, and usually lasts roughly 5-10 years before a touch-up is needed, as the inevitability of the natural aging process is to be expected.  When undergoing eyelid surgery on lower lids, extraneous fatty deposits that have collected over time are removed to eliminate that dreadful, “too-tired” look. Dependent of the wishes of each individual patient, either the upper lids are lifted and superficial skin removed, or bagginess and puffiness is removed from lower lids.  In some instances, both upper and lower lids simultaneously undergo a complete, eye-opening makeover moment. The get-gorgeous goal is to eliminate the sags and bags that prematurely age the delicate tissue around the eye area, illuminating and renewing the aesthetics of the upper face.  Time to unpack your baggage and get pretty, pop-worthy peepers!

Benefits Beyond Beauty:  When Pretty Meets Practical

For some, blepharoplasty isn’t exactly a get-gorgeous gratuitous choice or vain indulgence in the current cosmetic craze, but a necessary evil.  In older patients, undergoing eye lid surgery removes that lax, excess skin that hangs over the eye, partially impeding vision, particularly of the peripheral variety.  Post-surgery, patients have experienced a dramatic improvement in their field of vision.

Reconstructive eyelid surgery also reverses blepharochalasis, which is an expansion of the eye’s orbital system and preseptal muscles, resulting in comprised tightening of muscles around the eyeball.  Moreover, an ophthalmologist may recommend eyelid surgery for ptosis, or excessive drooping of eyelid, which is sometimes congenital, worsening as the one ages.  When lower edge of eyelid falls too low, covering a part of the eye’s pupil, vision can be impaired, as well as the greatening the difficulty of inserting contact lenses properly.

A patient who recently underwent cataract surgery may develop subsequent sagginess and droopiness in their upper eyelids due to internal manipulation of connective tissue, and so would be an excellent candidate for eyelid surgery. This manipulation of underlying connective tissue can cause cumulative weakening of the eye muscles that involuntarily support and hold the eye open. Stroke and trauma victims are also likely to experience ptosis, thus benefiting in an eyelid surgery procedure. Prolonged and excessive exposure to eye allergens, also known as edema, increases puffiness and on-going, acute irritation to bother upper and lower eyelids, which can also be reversed and repaired with functional-based eyelid surgery.

Finally, functional-based eyelid surgery can restore eyelid integrity and structure that have been compromised through removal of basal cell carcinoma, melanoma, or other common skin cancers.  For those who have experienced an unfortunate bout of Bell’s palsy (facial palsy), eyelid surgery can treat and maintain eye health and fundamental functionality by re-contouring and correcting upper eyelid retraction, as well as lower lid ectropion, the condition where eyelid is turned outward and away from the eyeball.

Whether your eyelid surgery concerns are functional or beauty –based, inconspicuous incisions are made within the natural creases of the skin around the eye, lending to utmost personal discretion and a virtual flawless outcome.

To learn more about eyelid surgery in Orange County, contact Advanced Eye Medical today.  Come see for yourself!

Everyday Healthy Eye Habits (The Top 5 Tips to Healthier Eyes)

It has been said many different ways that the eyes are the window to the soul. Vision is a powerful and important sense. It is integral that we treat our gift of vision as such. To maintain good vision, one must maintain healthy eye habits. Eye health must not be forgotten. Show your eyes some love with these easy tips to keep your eyes in good health.

Visit your Optometrist

It is important to visit your optometrist regularly to stay up to date with your eyes. Even if you feel that your eyes are in good health, it doesn’t hurt to get them checked out. An eye exam will test your vision, evaluate your family medical history, and examine the overall health of your eyes. Stay connected with your optometrist to keep your eyes happy and healthy.

Give Screens a Rest

Not a day goes by that we don’t spend hours looking at some type of screen. Whether it’s a computer at work, phone or laptop, time spent staring at a screen may lead to potential harm. Participating in a staring contest with a screen can lead to eyestrain, blurry vision, dry eyes, and trouble focusing. Make sure you limit your daily screen time. If screen time is essential to your job, be sure and schedule breaks throughout the day. It is recommended that your screen should be at least an arm’s distance away from where you are sitting.

Use Protective Eyewear

As noted earlier, it is important to visit your eye doctor to evaluate the state of your eyes. If prescribed, one might have to wear glasses or contacts. Glasses or contacts are there to protect and maintain your eye health. Neglecting to wear your glasses can worsen eyesight. When you are exposed to sun, make sure to avoid harsh UV rays with sunglasses. Sunglasses are the perfect fashion and health accessory available. Make sure you protect your eyesight daily with your preferred eyewear.

Maintain a Healthy Diet

A healthy diet is key to keeping your eyes in tip top shape. Essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants found in some foods can help strengthen eyesight. Carrots are the most well-known ally to good eyesight. They are packed with nutrients that help protect eyes from sun damage and UVB radiation. Citrus fruits are filled with vitamin C which helps defend eyes from infections and diseases. Green vegetables help avoid eye complications with vitamin A, antioxidants, and nutrients. Eggs, grapes, and dark berries increase proper vision. An overall well-balanced diet helps you maintain a healthy weight. A healthy diet and weight can help avoid type 2 diabetes which is the leading cause of blindness in adults.

Rest Up

Make sure you care for your eyes throughout the day and give them a rest from daily screen time. Avoid eyestrain and fatigue by trying the 20-20-20 rule. Every 20 minutes, look away about 20 feet in front of you for 20 seconds. Sleep is vital for maintaining healthy eyes. Not enough sleep can cause dry eyes, eye-twitching, blurry vision, and eyes to age faster. Make sure you give yourself the proper amount of sleep each day so that your eyes can stay healthy.

Stay healthy and regulate the health of your eyes. Maintain your vision by sticking to these healthy eye habits and keep your vision strong for life.

For a consultation towards clear vision, or to clear up any questions you may have, contact Laser for Eyes today. We are standing by to answer any of your concerns, and to help you get your vision back to where you want it. Join our growing family of happy customers who trust us with their eyes.

How Rods and Cones Allow us to See

Like a camera, the eye transmits light from the world around us into an image that we can perceive. Although it is small, the eye is a complex organ. All structures within the eye must function properly to capture light, focus it, and process messages back to the brain to create a visual image.

How Our Eyes Work

To process vision, the light reflected from an object in our field of view is gathered by the cornea. The cornea then refracts the light rays through the pupil (the center of the iris where light enters the eye). The iris then passes the image onto the crystalline lens. The lens in the eye focuses the light rays, projecting them to a point at the back of the eye called the retina, where the image appears upside down. The retina contains a thin layer of color-sensitive cells called rods and cones that perceive and decode color. These are critical to how our eyes work. The retina then passes visual signals to the brain via the optic nerve. The brain receives the information from both eyes and aggregate the images to process a complete picture.

Impaired vision occurs when a breakdown occurs at any point in this process. From the muscles that control the eyes, to the parts within the eye, to the pathway to the brain, vision impairments result from technical problems during the transitional phases. Other times, the eyes might work perfectly but there is a problem with how the brain interprets the signals it receives.

Rods and Cones: Color Vision and Concept

These crucial parts of our eye are known as photoreceptors. They are specialized cells that are located on the retina, in the back of your eye which processes images. Their roles are very specific: to receive and process signals of light and color, which gives us our vision. Because we rely primarily on vision over other senses, these components are very important to us. The effect of malfunctioning or deficient photoreceptors can be serious.

The retina of the eye has two types of light-sensitive cells called rods and cones, both found in layer at the back of your eye which processes images. Cones are cone shaped structures and are required for bright light (day light) vision. Rods are rod like structures located through the retina except for the fovea, and are required for dim light (twilight/night) vision. Both these visual components contain light sensitive pigments.

The most basic and crucial function of photoreceptors is to perceive light, which is the function of rods. Rods are located throughout the retina except for the very center or fovea. They are specialized to pick up light signals to determine light and shadow. On average, there are 120 million rods in the human eye, which are more than a thousand times as sensitive as individual cones. Rods pick up signals from all directions, improving our peripheral vision, motion sensing and depth perception. However, rods do not perceive color: they are only responsible for light and dark.

Color perception is the role of cones. There are 6 million to 7 million cones in the average human retina. They are mostly concentrated in the center of the retina, around the fovea. There are three types of cone cells and each type has a different sensitivity to light wavelengths. One perceives red (about 64 percent), another perceives green (32 percent) and the third perceives blue light (2 percent). Light enters your eye and stimulates the cone cells when you look at an object. Your brain interprets the signals from the cone cells to help you determine the color of the object. The red, green and blue cones work together to create the color spectrum. For example, when the red and blue cones are simulated in a certain way, you will see purple.

People with normal color vision have all three types of cone cells working correctly. On the other hand, color blindness occurs when one or more of the cone types are faulty. For example, if the green cone is faulty you won’t be able to see colors containing blue clearly. Our vision is a delicate system of intricate processes that gift us with the miracle of sight every day. It is important o fully understand how our eyes work in order to properly appreciate what we are able to see every day.

Schedule a Consultation

Join us at Laser for Eyes for an expert consultation on our services. We will discuss and review your options to help you find the perfect fit for you. Schedule a consultation with us today, and join our many satisfied patients.


How Our Eyes are Affected by a Lack of Sleep

Today more than ever, we are constantly busy. Always on the move and trying to squeeze the last drop out of every hour of every day. While productivity is great, it’s often easy to forget just how important those precious hours of the night are that we use to rest. Our jobs, family, and the stress that can come with both sometimes keeps us from getting the sleep our bodies require. It’s all too common to watch television or stay up on your phone, but we are here to tell you just how crucial sleep is for tired eyes.

Why Sleep?

Not only does sleep allow us to rest or bodies, but it allows our brains to recharge. It is during this time that our memories are sorted and stored, allowing us to be mentally sharp the next morning. However, many of us cheat ourselves out of this valuable recuperation. A recent study by the CDC found that one third of Americans currently get less than 7 hours of sleep in a 24-hour day. Though it may be hard to set aside the time, this magic number cannot be understated. The study goes onto explain that adults who consistently sleep less than 7 hours a night are at a higher risk for:

  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Frequent mental distress

Other complications from a lack of sleep include: decreased mental efficiency, accelerated skin aging, lack of a sex drive, and increased forgetfulness.

Sleep and Vision

By now we’re all familiar with the dark circles left under our eyes when we’re running low on sleep. They weigh us down and look less-than-appealing. However, there are several other eye risks that come with insufficient sleep. When getting less than 7 hours of sleep, we are prone to eye spasms, characterized by involuntary eye twitching in the eyelid. This eye twitching is not usually damaging, but can be very distracting. It is important to give these fine muscles in our eyes the rest they require.

Not getting enough sleep can also lead to eye conditions such as dry eye. Dry eye is a condition in which the eyes are not properly lubricated by our tears. This may cause irritation, disrupted vision, and light pain. Popped blood vessels are also a risk when operating on minimal sleep. Eye fatigue has the potential to not only be irritating, but can cause you discomfort and affect your eyesight. Your sleep and vision are two of the most important things for your body, so make sure to pay attention to both!

Healthy Habits

If you feel like a lack of sleep is affecting your vision, there are some things you can do in the workplace and at home to help with eye fatigue. If you spend most of the day working on a computer, make sure to keep the screen at least a foot in a half away from your face and use a glare filter, if possible. Additionally, the 20-20-20 rule is a great rule of thumb to implement for preventing many kinds of eye strain. Every 20 minutes, make it a point to look at something 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds to give your eyes a natural rest.

At home, you may find it helpful to soak a washcloth in warm water and gently apply to closed eyes. Moisture is your eyes’ best friend. Whether it’s steam, artificial tears, or a humidifier, your eyes will thank you for the hydration.

For a consultation towards clear vision, or to clear up any questions you may have, contact Laser for Eyes  today. We are standing by to answer any of your concerns, and to help you get your vision back to where you want it. Join our growing family of happy customers who trust us with their eyes.