Achieving Good Eye Health for Strong and Focused Eyes

For most people, seeing is an ordinary subconscious experience that we take for granted. But your eyes are exposed muscles that undergo challenges due to aging, environment, and straining every day. Learn some ways to prevent damage or injury to your eyes and to keep them healthy and strong long-term.

Eating Well for Good Eye Health

Your eyes need lutein, omega 3 fatty acids and beta-carotene, which can be found in many nutritious and delicious foods. Incorporating these foods into your diet will prevent your eyes from weakening over time and keep them healthy.

Lutein is a type of antioxidant that protects your eye cells, and there are many luteins in foods such as arugula, Swiss chard, and cabbage. Carrots have beta-carotene in them that promote healthy, strong vision, and provide vitamin A to your eyes, as well to avoid the development of cataracts or serious forms of blood damage in the eye.

Sweet potatoes similarly have this effect with lots of vitamin A. Oily fish, such as salmon, has plenty of omega-3s, which can help improve poor vision as it also contains lots of zinc. Eggs are similarly high in zinc and are an easy, affordable option. Eggs also contain omega-3s and lutein, which is an added bonus. Eating almonds regularly is also great for your vision because they’re high in vitamin E, which can help slow macular degeneration.

Eating well boosts your immunity, your strength and the overall health of your body, and this very much includes your eyesight and eye health.

Protecting Your Eyes from Screens

Staring at screens, which in the 21st century most of us do fairly often, can actually be very damaging and unnatural for your eyes. This kind of strain on your eyes can lead to a condition called Computer Vision Syndrome. The eyestrain from staring at a computer can lead to common Computer Vision Syndrome symptoms: blurred vision; dry eyes; head, back, and neck pain. Ensuring your computer is placed level with your seat so that you are looking slightly down at the screen can aid with intense glare and back pain.

You can also purchase an anti-glare screen for your computer or blue-light filters for your glasses and contact lenses – there are also computer and smart phone apps that can filter blue light.

Computer Vision Syndrome has been linked to retina damage, sleep disorders, and even depression. Make sure you work and use the computer in a comfortable chair and take breaks to adjust your posture and align your feet flat on the floor. Paying attention to how you sit and your body alignment will assist your vision and comfort while working.

Be sure to use eye drops to keep your eyes from drying up using the computer and make sure you rest your eyes every half an hour by looking beyond the screen for at least half a minute.

Seeing an Eye Doctor Regularly

Making time for an annual eye appointment is very important for your eyes as your optometrist can check your eye-health for signs of retina damage, glaucoma, or prescription changes that might need addressing. Checking in with your eye doctor and disclosing your medical history, taking vision tests and testing your optic nerves is critical for ensuring you’re taking good care of your eyes and that they’re strong and healthy. In the event that you may need eye surgery, an ophthalmologist can help.

Protecting Your Eyes from Sun Damage

UV rays are very dangerous and can scorch your eyes just as the sun can burn you skin. If you have sunburned eyes, your eyes will feel weary, itchy and probably will turn red in color. If you continuously burn your eyes, you may develop cataracts or suffer from intense retina damage. Sunglasses are key; especially in warmer, brighter seasons, to avoid UV damage. You can buy sunglasses that have UV ray protection and ones that also fit your prescription so you’ll be more comfortable wearing them.

Find Out More and Ask Questions

Everyone’s eyes are unique, and it’s good to ask medical professionals such as the eye specialists at Advanced Eye Medical about how to keep your eyes strong, eye infection prevention, and good cleaning habits for your contact lenses to avoid the weakening of your eyes.

Eye Care: Its Most Historical Moments

The history of optometry is rich and full of events, people, organizations, and stories. Many significant histories document, in detail, the development of optometry and ophthalmology, and how it has led to today’s eye care advancements.

Early Modern Optometry: Foundations

One of the first figures associated with the invention of spectacles was the thirteenth century English philosopher, friar Roger Bacon. In 1263, Roger Bacon realized the potential of using lenses for those weak-of-sight. In his Opus Majus, he wrote, “If anyone examine letters or other minute objects through the medium of crystal or glass…he will see the letters far better and they will seem larger to him.”

By 1286, the first pair of spectacles were invented by an unknown party. By 1300, Europeans fashioned spectacles and often referenced German mathematician, Johannes Kepler, for his pioneering work on the function of the eye. He proposed that images are projected inverted and reverse by the eye’s lens onto the retina. Kepler’s work sparked a series of development in optometry, and in 1629 England granted its first charter to spectacle makers.

The Era of Progression

In 1799, Scotsman John McAllister Sr. opened the first U.S. shop for optometric services. By the end of the 18th century, Benjamin Franklin had invented the bifocal lens (1784), John Dalton brought colorblindness to public discussion (1794), and Thomas Young successfully mapped the normal visual field (1801).

In 1856, Hermann von Helmholtz published his handbook of Physiological Optics. In 1865, cylindrical lenses began being used and optometry as a term began being used in the practice.

In 1888, the first successful use of corrective vision contact lenses was documented. That same year, William Bohne’s Handbook for Opticians was published.

By 1921, the United States recognized optometry as a profession, which helped solidify its importance in the greater medical field. From the mid-1950s and through to this day, optometrists have developed a variety of new technologies and methods to examine the eye and improve vision – these include advanced contact lenses, laser surgery, LASIK, and more.

The Age of Technology

History paved the road for the today’s optometry services, a new age of technology and advancements. Below is a list of just some of these advancements beyond the wider known ones such as LASIK and other similar laser-driven treatments.

Auto-Refractor Keratometer measures an objective refraction or theoretical refraction of what lens power your need for proper vision. The instrument sees where light focuses on the back of your eye and determines what lenses it would take to make an image focus in the right area. It measures the sphere, cylinder and axis for each eye, along with the radius of curvature and axis for the cornea of each eye. These measurements provide data that can help determine your ideal prescription.

Corneal Topographer maps the front cornea surface of your eye. It helps to fit contact lenses, diagnose corneal disease, irregular astigmatism and keratoconus, and evaluate laser vision correction. Corneal topography is used in contact lens fitting services and post- laser vision correction eye exams.

Retinal Fundus Camera takes pictures of the back surfaces of your eye. This instrument helps measure the changes in the optic nerve and how new treatment or change of a treatment is necessary.

Non-Contact Tonometer measures intraocular pressure, which is the pressure inside your eyes. This instrument calculates and converts the response into a measurement of pressure.

Tonopen also measures intraocular pressure. The device touches an anesthetized eye surface to measure pressure and is most commonly used for patients with limited mobility.

Visual Field Analyzer, also known as a peripheral or side vision test, is used for glaucoma patients and patients suffering from headaches, visual disturbances, decreased vision, blind spots, and systemic conditions.

Pachometer measures the thickness of the cornea of your eye. This instrument helps determine correction factors for pressure measurements.

The advancements that have occurred in the field of eye care are nothing short of incredible. With the continuing advancements of bionic eyes for those with severely limited-to-no vision and eyewear that can help color blind patients achieve a visual color range closer to how most of the population sees, there is plenty more the field is still advancing toward.

If you have any questions or concerns about your own vision or eye health, be sure get in contact with the team of ophthalmologists and optometrists at Advanced Eye Medical. We are situated in beautiful Orange County, and would love to help you.

How to Get Rid of Red Eyes

Red eyes are easy to detect because the eyes will look very swollen and feel itchy, uncomfortable, watery, and, occasionally, full of discharge. The bloodshot look of red eyes often comes from the bursting of blood vessels in the eye.

A few common reasons for red eyes are the aforementioned broken blood vessels, inflamed eyelids, and/or a sty in the actual eye. Conjunctivitis or “pink eye” is also a common contagious illness that affects the eye and turns it very red and swollen-looking. You can also get red eyes from allergies to pollen, dander, or dust; or come down with a case of dry-eye when your tear-glands produce an insufficient amount of lubrication for your eyes.

There are many other causes such as swimming, smoking, or spending too much time on the computer that also causes your eyes to go red.

Here are some tips to get rid of red eyes effectively.

Try Eye Drops

There are two main varieties of eye drops depending on the severity of your eye redness. There are over-the-counter eye drops and prescription eye drops. Over-the-counter are inexpensive and faster to acquire, but sometimes prescription eye drops are needed for an infection that is persistent or very painful. Lubricating eye drops are great for dry, itchy eyes and mostly come in over-the-counter form. They mimic the sensation of tears and add moisture and comfort to your eyes.

There are also decongestant eye drops, which are great if you have red eyes due to a cold or the flu. Resist using decongestant eye drops if your eyes are overly dry as these drops tend to make those symptoms worse. Decongestion mainly helps your eyes look less red by shrinking the red vessels and helping clear your infected sinuses along with other cough and flu medication you might be taking.

Antihistamine eye drops are great for those suffering from allergies. This eye drop will reduce the itchiness, redness, and puffiness of the eyes while providing lubrication and comfort.

Place Ice or Cold Compresses on Your Eyes

Reducing the temperature of your eyes actually constricts blood vessels, and will help the redness go down as well as soothe any swelling and irritation.

Try placing two frozen metal spoons over your eyes and resting for twenty minutes. If you do this a couple of times within an hour, your eyes will feel much better and chances are they will look less red and puffy.

An ice pack or cold cloth will also work well, but the proximity, metal and shape of the spoons on your eyes tend to be a speedier cooling process.

Give it Time

As frustrating as it is to have a red eye, sometimes the best thing to do is wait for the redness to subside. This is a good option if the cause of the redness is specifically from a burst blood vessel. You can burst a blood vessel easily if you are on certain blood-thinners or exercising rigorously. You can even burst a blood vessel if you are constipated. The redness subsides in about a week, is painless, and typically only occurs in one eye at a time.

When To See a Medical Professional

If your eye redness and pain is persistent and preventing you from seeing properly or sleeping, be sure to speak to a medical professional who can prescribe to you an eye drop that suits your needs or other tips to keep the infection or rupture from worsening.

If you think you have pink eye, see a doctor immediately to receive a prescription. You’ll know it’s pink eye if the redness starts in one eye and within a day spreads to the other, if the eye(s) feels leaky, irritated, and itchy and is swollen.

Stay home from work and rest as pink eye is very contagious. Be sure to wash your hands frequently with good quality soap and hand sanitizer and avoid touching your eyes or face until the infection is gone. This will prevent your friends, family, or others from contracting pink eye from you.

Find Out More and Ask Questions

Everyone’s eyes are unique and it’s good to ask medical professionals such as the eye specialists at Advanced Eye Medical about any red eye symptoms, eye infection prevention, and good cleaning habits for your contact lenses to avoid redness in your eyes.

Traditional vs. Custom LASIK Eye Surgery: Which Should You Choose?

Choosing to receive laser eye surgery is a big step in your journey to better vision. But choosing whether to receive traditional laser surgery or custom LASIK surgery is another decision you need to make.

Both traditional and custom LASIK options are sound investments, but LASIK is known to cost more; at least the rate of several hundred dollars per eye. However, custom LASIK surgery uses a much higher quality of technology. Like buying a newer model computer, custom LASIK surgery will definitely bring about better outcomes and a better quality of vision, particularly when it comes to night vision and processing many objects in front of your eyes at once.

With that in mind, here are some notable differences between traditional laser eye surgery and custom LASIK surgery, so that you can decide which works best for you.

Differences in Measurement

When performing traditional laser eye surgery, the surgeon will measure the patient’s prescription using the same methods that they would use to determine measurements for prescription-strength glasses and contacts. These measurements help to efficiently and cost effectively help the surgeon to reshape a patient’s cornea.

In contrast, during a custom LASIK approach, a surgeon will create a comprehensive map of the individual patient’s eye, and will then use that custom road map to guide him or her through the procedure.

This makes the traditional laser eye surgery sufficient for treating lower grade issues such as myopia, astigmatism, and hyperopia. But when a custom map of your eye is necessary and you have a less obviously discernible eye issue, custom LASIK surgery can determine the issue and utilize the map of your eye to fix it.

Wavefront Technology – Traditional & LASIK Eye Surgery

Wavefront technology is fundamentally what separates traditional laser eye surgery and custom LASIK surgery. This technology creates a map of your eye to determine the most accurate description. The technology has been used in the past by astronomers and scientists to adjust the optics of telescopes and microscopes, and has been adapted to measure the accuracy of human vision for LASIK eye surgery.

Determining whether you will need use of this technology is the best way to know whether you should go with traditional laser surgery or custom LASIK surgery. Keep in mind that in many cases, traditional laser surgery will be sufficient, but your medical professional may recommend a more robust treatment plan depending on the severity of your issues.

If you believe you may be in need of traditional laser eye surgery or custom LASIK surgery, get in contact with experienced team of ophthalmologists and optometrists at Advanced Eye Medical today.

Negative Effects of UV Rays on Eye Health

Most people are aware of how harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation is to the skin. However, many may not realize that UV rays can harm the eyes and affect their vision.

Exposure to excessive amounts of UV radiation over a short period of time can cause extreme sensitivity to light and excessive tearing. It can be painful and feel like a sunburn to the eye. The longer the eyes are exposed to UV radiation, the greater the risk of developing eye disorders such as cataracts or macular degeneration. Fortunately, sun protection and preventative options are available to offer UV protection.

Types of UV Radiation

There are three types of UV radiation:

UV-C rays are the highest energy UV rays, and potentially the most harmful to eye and skin health. Fortunately, it is absorbed by the ozone layer, virtually blocking all harmful UV-C rays. If, however, the ozone layer depletes, high-energy UV-C rays could potentially reach the earth’s surface and cause serious health problems.

UV-B rays emit lower energy than UV-C rays. These rays are partially absorbed by the ozone layer, but some still reaches the earth’s surface. In low doses, UV-B radiation can stimulate the production of melanin, causing the skin to darken. In higher doses, however, UV-B rays can cause sunburn that increases the risk of skin cancer, premature aging of the skin, and wrinkles.

In high short-term exposure, UV-B rays can also cause photokeratitis, a painful inflammation of the cornea.

UV-A rays have lower energy than UV-C and UV-B rays, but it can pass through the cornea and reach the lens and retina of the eye. Overexposure to UVA radiation can cause the development of cataracts and the development of macular degeneration.

How Do UV Rays Affect Eye Health?

Short and long term exposure to UV radiation can harm the eyes, affect vision, and compromise overall eye health. Eye diseases and conditions caused by exposure to UV radiation include:

  • Macular Degeneration, also known as AMD, is caused by damage to the retina over time. It is the leading cause of age-related blindness and extended exposure to UV light may increase the risk of developing this condition.
  • Cataracts are a condition in which the natural lens (the part of the eye that focuses on light we see) is clouded. Exposure to UV light, especially UV-B rays, increases the risk of contracting cataracts.
  • Pterygium, also known as surfer’s eye, is a pink, non-cancerous growth that forms on the layer of conjunctiva. Exposure to UV light increases the risk of developing these growths.
  • Skin cancer in and around the eyelids is also associated to extended UV exposure.
  • Photokeratitis, also known as corneal sunburn, is the result of high short-term exposure to UV radiation, especially UV-B rays. Long hours at the beach without proper eye protection can cause this condition, and it can be very painful. It can also cause temporary vision loss.

Prevention and Treatment

We all use sunscreen to protect our skin from harmful UV rays. Protecting our eyes is just as important. Sun damage to eyes can occur anytime during the year, and prevention is the best treatment. Be sure to wear UV-blocking sunglasses and broad-brimmed hats whenever you are outside. Never look directly at the sun, which can damage the eye’s retina.

To provide adequate protection for your eyes, choose sunglasses carefully. They should:

  • Block out 99 to 100 percent of both UV-A and UV-B radiation;
  • Screen out 75 to 90 percent of visible light;
  • Have lenses that are perfectly matched in color and free of distortion and imperfection
  • Provides more coverage such as over-sized glasses

Additional precautions include:

  • Do not use sunlamps, tanning beds, or tanning booths
  • Wear UV-blocking goggles when surfing, swimming, or snowboarding
  • Wear a wide brimmed hat when outdoors
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to direct sunlight by staying in the shade, especially between 10am and 4pm

If your eyes are ever impacted by UV rays to an extent that you believe could be causing vision problems, you need to see an eye doctor immediately. At Advanced Eye Medical, Dr. Ghosheh and the team of ophthalmologists and optometrists have been serving the Orange County area for years. Get in contact with us today!

The Rarest Eye Disorders in the World

There are many eye disorders that affect a person’s health and well-being that are less known due to their rarity, but also their clinical terms and specific role in harming or hindering the eyes. Here are some of these eye health disorders and how they affect the eyes:

Achromatopsia

Achromatopsia is a genetic visual disorder that involves a person having decreased vision, severe sensitivity to light, and the inability to see color. It affects 1 in 33,000 people and is sometimes called “Day Blindness.” Dark tinted lenses help for bright sunny spaces because their retinas lack photo-receptors.

Anophthalmia and Microphthalmia

Anophthalmia and microphthalmia are often mistaken as the same disorder, but microphthalmia is actually when the eyes are very small and anophthalmia is when one or both eyes is not present and did not develop while in the womb.

These are rare birth defects caused by genetic mutation and irregular chromosomes. There may also be a link with drugs and pesticide exposure, but it is hard to say as it’s very much a case-to-case disorder. Anophthamia and microphthalmia are untreatable, but there is an opportunity for children to get treated for the physical abnormalities. Prosthetic eyes can be fitted and customized for the patient, as well as structures to help with facial support and encouraging the eye socket to expand.

Best’s Disease

Best’s disease is an eye health disorder that plays a role in deteriorating the macula of your eye. Vision gets progressively worse as the patient ages. There will be no full loss of sight and no pain experienced with the disorder, but the patient’s central vision will be blurry and distorted, often leading to understandable frustration among sufferers. Side vision stays healthy and untouched by the disorder.

The symptoms of Best’s disease are not clear-cut, but patients begin to notice their central vision failing to pick up details, or sudden blurring or waves for objects they know are shaped with clear lines (for example, a yellow line on the highway.)

Choroideremia

Choroideremia is an eye health disorder involving progressive and complete vision loss. It’s a rare disease but is mostly seen in males. It starts with night blindness and moves on to more severe vision difficulties such as tunnel vision and an ongoing loss of retinal cells and blood vessels.

The progression rate is different for each case, but it is inevitable that the patient will lose their site altogether in their adult years. Choroideremia accounts for approximately 4 percent of all blindness.

De Morsier’s Syndrome

De Morsier’s syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes the underdevelopment of the optic nerves, which send messages from the eyes to the brain. With damaged optic nerves the patient will have impaired vision in one or both eyes and may cause the person to have other eye abnormalities and less muscle control over their eyes. Other accompanying parts of De Morsier’s Syndrome are midline brain problems as well as pituitary gland damage. The patient may have a combination of these issues; all three or just one.

Find Out More and Ask Questions

Everyone’s eyes are unique and it’s good to ask medical professionals such as the eye specialists at Advanced Eye Medical about how to keep your eyes strong, as well as eye infection and disease prevention.

Though many severe eye disorders are genetic, because they are progressive over time, it’s good to keep an eye out for any changes or issues with your eyes and communicate with a professional.

Here’s When Refractive Cataract Surgery May be Needed

As we age, the protein in our eyes’ lenses begins to clump and obscure our vision: this is called a cataract.

Cataracts are the primary cause of vision loss worldwide. It is imperative to have them treated and surgically corrected before they become severe. And while there are several cataract surgery options, refractive cataract surgery is steadily becoming the most popular choice.

What is Refractive Cataract Surgery?

Refractive cataract surgery is a modern procedure that not only removes the cataract, but also corrects farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism. It is performed by replacing the lens with a premium intraocular lens or IOL.

While there are many types of IOL, only the premium version will correct your cataracts and other visual deficits, as well. A computer-assisted laser administers a custom vision correction solution that targets your refractive errors. People who undergo this procedure can reduce or eliminate their need to wear glasses.

The procedure is very similar to IntraLASIK surgery in that it utilizes computer-driven Laser Technology and is customizable. And, just like IntraLASIK, refractive cataract surgery is safer and more accurate than traditional cataract surgery. As it can be customized to target your specific vision problems, you’re more likely to achieve a better result after surgery.

Refractive cataract surgery also corrects presbyopia, which is characterized by the loss of being able to see things clearly up-close that nearly everyone over the age of 40 experiences. It is for these reasons that refractive cataract surgery has become so popular.

Good candidates for refractive cataract surgery are:

  • People who are farsighted or nearsighted
  • People with astigmatism
  • People who are interested in getting LASIK
  • People who don’t want to wear glasses or contacts anymore
  • People who don’t want to wear reading glasses
  • People who have corneas that are too thin for regular cataract surgery

Other Things You Should Know

  • People with glaucoma, chronic infections, or those with autoimmune deficiency diseases should not get refractive eye surgery.
  • There are many types of IOL, so be sure to discuss which ones are best for you with your surgeon well before the procedure.
  • Refractive eye surgery lasts 15-30 minutes.
  • The procedure itself is relatively painless and your recovery time only lasts for a couple of days.
  • Because of the anesthesia and blurry vision that occurs right after the procedure, you will need to make sure you have someone to drive you home.
  • Your doctor will prescribe you some eye drops to treat; in addition, you should protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses for a few days after the procedure.
  • In addition to correcting your vision, refractive cataract surgery can also alleviate visual glares and halos that cataract suffers experience. It also greatly improves night vision.

Now that you know when refractive cataract surgery is needed, be sure to discuss getting this procedure done with an eye care professional. If you have any further questions or concerns about refractive cataract surgery, we’d be happy to assist you. Contact Advanced Eye Medical today.

iLASIK and Z-LASIK Eye Surgery: What’s the Difference?

Before you decide on the best route to improve your vision, it is essential to discuss and review your options with your eye doctor. Here is a look at the key differences between iLASIK and Z-LASIK.

iLASIK vs Z-LASIK

iLASIK is an all-laser vision correction procedure that uses wavefront-guided technology to measure the unique characteristics of your eye. Capturing over 1,200 points of data, iLASIK creates a highly accurate and extremely personalized 3D map.

Z-LASIK is a corrective surgery in which a thin layer of the cornea is sectioned, lifted and moved aside to allow a laser to reshape the cornea.

Risks and Benefits of iLASIK and Z-LASIK

Both iLASIK and Z-LASIK have common goals and similarities in strengths. While both utilize painless blade-free technology, each has its unique set of benefits over the other.

iLASIK is known to treat mild to severe nearsightedness, mild to moderate farsightedness, and all types of astigmatism. It is one of the most convenient and affordable vision correction procedures available, and offers several unique benefits including:

  • 100% customized vision correction
  • Consistent flaps regardless of corneal anatomy
  • Increased corneal and advanced capabilities

Technology-wise, iLASIK creates a highly accurate and personalized 3D map. It is customizable to each eye and the procedure is based on your individual vision dynamics.

Z-LASIK is a safe and predictable procedure recommended for patients with severe prescription, astigmatism, or thin corneas. Your doctor may recommend Z-LASIK for these reasons.

  • Faster recovery of vision
  • Thinner flaps — correcting higher degrees of refractive visual errors
  • Reduced risk of post-operative dry eyes

Technology wise, Z-LASIK emits less energy than other femtoseconds lasers, reducing side effects like sensitivity and inflammation. It also has a higher pulse repetition, making it faster and reducing overall procedure times.

How Do iLASIK and Z-LASIK Work?

iLASIK uses several key technologies to create quality and customized outcomes:

  • WaveScan Wavefront 3D Mapping precisely maps the anatomy of the eye, identifying the unique visual “fingerprint” of your eye.
  • IntraLase FS (femtosecond) Laser utilizes the mapped measurements to create a customized laser driven corneal flap with micro-precision while simultaneously preparing an optical corneal surface below the flap for better visual results.
  • Iris Registration (IR) provides an automated, non-contact method of providing precise alignment and measurements to best prepare for the laser correction treatment.

During this process, your eyes will be electronically measured in detail — capturing over 1,200 points of data to create an accurate multi-dimensional image of your eye’s surface. This information is used to uniquely map and guide the laser treatment to best correct your refractive error.

The measurement is painless and will be touch-free. The precision minimizes potential risks and complications.

Z-LASIK is a blade-free laser treatment used to create a highly precise, very thin tissue flap on the most superficial layer of the cornea. This procedure allows your surgeon to correct any irregularities in the layers of cells within the cornea. These irregularities result in a change in the focal point on the back of the retina, which negatively impacts your eye health and vision. This problem is typically resolved by reshaping the corneal stroma, which is located in the second layer of cells.

During the procedure, an ultra-thin flap is created on the surface of the cornea by applying millions of tiny laser spots. Once the flap is created, your surgeon uses an excimer laser to remove layers of individual cells in the corneal stroma within seconds. When the re-shaping is completed, the tissue flap is gently placed back over the area, leaving this external layer of the cornea untouched.

Schedule a Consultation

Women and men pursue laser eye surgery to achieve near-perfect vision without glasses or contacts. There are several innovative vision correction treatment options available and it can be difficult to decipher which procedure is best for you.

Join Dr. Ghosheh and the team at Advanced Eye Medical for an expert consultation on our services. We will discuss and review your options in order to help you find the perfect fit for your eye care needs. Get in contact with us today to better your vision for the future.

13 Unhealthy Eye Care Habits that Affect Eye Health

We all have bad habits, but we don’t always know we’re doing them. But whether we know it or not, frequently engaging in habits that negatively affect the health of our eyes can compromise the quality of our vision. To help you get started, here are 13 unhealthy eye care habits that negatively affect your vision. Knowing what they are is a step towards keeping optimal, healthy vision.

1. Rubbing Your Eyes

The skin around your eyes is one of the most sensitive areas on your face, and first to show signs of aging. Rubbing your eyes can easily break tiny blood vessels under the skin’s surface and cause dark circles, premature crow’s feet and drooping eyelids. Soothe irritated eyes with a cold compress instead.

2. Forgetting Your Sunglasses

The sun’s harmful UV and HEV rays result in premature aging and damage to the eye and eyelids. Extended exposure without protection can also lead to sunburn of the front surface of the eye, cataracts, macular degeneration, pingucula, and pterygium. Wear your sunglasses to minimize the effects of bright lights and excessive squinting, and to block harmful UV rays.

3. Smoking

Smoking wreaks havoc on your health – including your eyes. It can cause cataracts, macular degeneration, uveitis, dry eyes, and diabetic retinopathy.

4. Eating Poorly

Not eating a well-balanced diet can deprive your body of necessary vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids for optimum eye health. Fruits and vegetables, especially ones with vitamin C and E, zinc, and omega-3 fatty acids, can help prevent and manage many age-related eye diseases.

5. Not Drinking Enough Water

Dehydration can negatively affect vision health. Not getting the recommended eight glasses of water a day can cause your body to not produce enough tears to keep your eyes moist and properly nourished. As a result, dehydration can cause dryness, redness, and puffy eyelids in eyes.

6. Sleeping with Your Contacts In

It’s late and you’re tired. But that’s no excuse for not taking your contacts out before bed. Sleeping with your contacts in increases your risk of infection, and it could lead to permanent eye damage. Make sure to wash your hands clean and use extra contact solution.

7. Not Getting Enough Sleep

Sleep deprivation can accelerate aging, and increase your risk of eye damage such as twitching, dry eyes, red eyes, blurry visions, and pain. Be sure to get a minimum of seven hours of sleep each night to improve your eye care.

8. Reading at Night in Poor Lighting

Reading in bed is a great way to unwind and relax before bed. However, if your book or tablet is not properly lit, it can cause eye strain.

9. Watching TV at Night

Any electronic device usage before bed can lead to eyestrain, pain, headaches, dry eye, and redness. The levels of light changes rapidly, forcing your eyes to work harder to process the changes and refocus.

10. Staring at Your Smartphone or Computer

Digital screens affect vision through repetition. When you stare at a smartphone or computer screen, it requires the eyes to readjust and realign what you are seeing. This requires significant effort from eye muscles and adds more strain due to fluctuations in contrast, flicker and glare. Excessive time spent looking at screens can lead to what’s referred to as “Computer vision syndrome.”

11. Bad Makeup Hygiene

Anything you put near your eyes is a potential risk for causing eye infections and bacteria. This includes your mascara, eyeliner, eye shadow, and eye creams. Keep your makeup tools (including brushes) clean and never share your eye makeup with others. Also throw away your eye makeup every three months and remove your makeup before bed.

12. Overuse of Eye Drops

The most common side effects of eye drops come in general misuse. Many eye drops are not suitable for everyday use because they contain specific ingredients to relieve specific irritations and side effects. To prevent this, visit your eye doctor to discuss which eye drops would be best suited for you and your eye care needs.

13. Not Going to an Eye Doctor Regularly

Even if you do not wear glasses or contacts, you should still schedule regular eye check-ups with an optometrist, or an ophthalmologist for more serious eye care concerns. A complete eye exam is recommended every five to 10 years for those between the ages of 20 and 39, and every two to four years for those over 40.

Located in Orange County, Dr. Ghosheh and the team at Advanced Eye Medical can assist you with all eye care services and your eye-related health needs. Contact us today!

Preventing and Treating Chemical Eye Burns

Chemical eye burns can occur when the eye comes into contact with solid, liquid or vaporous chemicals. Although many burns result in only minor discomfort, every chemical exposure or burn should be taken seriously. The severity of the burn depends on the chemical, as well as exposure time and how the injury is treated. Fortunately, the vast majority of burns are treatable and cause only temporary discomfort and pain.

To help you take precautions, we have compiled some essential steps to managing and treating chemical eye burns.

What are the 3 Types of Chemical Eye Burns?

Chemical eye burns fall into three categories based on acidic and alkaline level, measured in pH. The pH scale ranges from 0-14 and indicates how acidic or basic a chemical substance is. Neutral substances have a pH of 7; the pH of healthy tears is 7.5. The three different chemical eye burns are:

Alkali Burns are the most dangerous. These burns involve high pH chemicals that are powerful enough to penetrate the eye. Severe damage is possible and can lead to conditions like cataracts and glaucoma, and may even cause vision loss.

Acid Burns have a lower pH than alkali burns but are still dangerous. These burns aren’t able to penetrate the eye, but can still cause significant damage to the cornea and cause vision loss.

Irritations are neutral in pH and cause minor damage and side effects.

What are the Symptoms of Chemical Eye Burns?

Vision loss is a key indicator of a severe chemical eye burn. Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Eye redness
  • Eye irritation
  • Eye pain
  • Swelling of the eye
  • Blurred vision
  • Inability to open the eye

Chemicals That Cause Eye Burns

Chemical eye burns can occur when the eye comes into contact with solid, liquid or vaporous chemicals. The most common chemicals include:

  • Ammonia, bleach, toilet bowl cleaner, and drain cleaner
  • Vinegar, glass polish and oven cleaner
  • Car battery fluid and gasoline
  • Chemicals in cement and plaster
  • Products that remove rust
  • Hydrochloric acid
  • Fireworks
  • Pesticides and fertilizer

What to Do if Dangerous Chemicals Get in Your Eyes

The most important thing to do when you experiencing a chemical eye burn is to flush it out. A special chemical eye wash station is the best way to do this, however if the burn is experienced at home, tap water is a viable solution. To treat a chemical eye burn, follow these tips:

Flush your eye with water. Use clean, lukewarm tap water to rinse your eye for at least 20 minutes. You can choose one of these options:

  • Get in the shower and gently stream the water over your affected eye. Hold the eyelids open.
  • Put your head down and turn it to the side. Then hold the eyelids of your affected eye open under a running faucet.

Wash your hands with soap and water. After the chemical is flushed out, thoroughly rinse your hands to be sure no residual chemical is left on them.

Mild chemical eye burns often heal within a few days. If discomfort continues, seek immediate medical care. Your doctor may prescribe:

  • Antibiotic medicine to prevent infection caused by bacteria. This may be given as an eye drop or ointment.
  • Pain medicine to decrease the pain. This medicine may be given as an eye drop or pill.
  • Cycloplegic medicine dilates your pupil and relaxes your eye muscles to help decrease discomfort.
  • Steroids may be given to reduce inflammation.

In more severe conditions, surgery may be necessary:

  • Debridement removes any damaged tissue in your eye to decrease inflammation and help your eye heal.
  • Tenoplasty rebuilds damaged parts of your eyeball and restores the surface of your eye.
  • Tissue grafting replaces damaged tissue in your eye.
  • Transplant replaces your damaged cornea or other parts of your eye.

During treatment and recovery, refrain from the following:

  • Don’t rub the eye — this may cause more damage.
  • Don’t put anything except water or contact lens rinsed in saline in the eye. Don’t use eye drops unless instructed by your doctor.
  • Don’t rub or apply pressure to the eye.

What Precautions Should I Take?

Reduce the risk of a chemical eye burn by taking precautions. These include:

  • Always wear protective eye wear, such as goggles that fit closely around your eyes. Use safety glasses if the risk of splash is low or if the liquid is non-toxic. Use safety goggles when working with highly toxic chemicals and substances.
  • Do not touch your eyes when you work with chemicals.
  • Follow the instructions on the container when you use chemicals that may hurt your eyes.
  • Create an action plan in case you or someone gets burned. Know where the best water or liquid source is located for rinsing your eyes.

If you’re concerned about possible long-term damage caused from any chemical eye burn or eye injury, get in contact with Advanced Eye Medical today.