How to Choose the Right Contact Lenses

There are many things to take into consideration when deciding which contact lenses you want to purchase. Here’re some tips for choosing the best and safest option for your eyes.
First, you have to choose between soft or hard contacts, though 9 out of 10 contact wearers opt for the soft version. Hard contacts are best for people with astigmatism, or that may have a disorder that causes protein to form on the lenses.

Contact Lens Options

Daily Wear Contacts
Daily wear contacts are the most inexpensive contact option. Daily wear contacts have to be taken out every night to be disinfected and replaced on a set schedule which can range from every two weeks to every three months.

Disposable Contacts
Disposable contacts can be quite costly because you need a new pair every day. They require no maintenance and are one of the most convenient choices for contact wearers. Disposable contacts can be replaced every week or every month. Disposable contacts are ideal for those who suffer from allergies.

Extended Wear Contacts
Extended wear contacts can be worn overnight and only need to be disinfected once a week. However, most eye care professionals agree that you should not wear your contacts overnight because they deprive the eyes of oxygen and make them susceptible to infection.

Color Change Contacts
Color change contacts can completely change the color of your eyes. You can find these in either prescription contacts or just wear them for cosmetic purposes.

Toric Contacts
These contact lenses are usually more expensive than others because they are designed to correct astigmatism.

Multifocal Contacts
These lenses correct presbyopia, which is an eye condition that develops as people get older. This condition is characterized by not being able to bring close things into focus.

Safety tips to keep in mind when purchasing contact lenses:
Don’t buy a box of contact lenses if the seal is broken. This may indicate that the box has been opened, and the lenses may have been tampered with.

Exercise caution when purchasing contact lenses online. Make sure you always buy from a reputable company that features brand name products. The website should also confirm your prescription with your eye doctor. And when the lenses arrive, make sure each package has your correct prescription listed on the label.

Be sure to use a current prescription written by your eye care professional, remember that prescriptions are only good for a year from the date they were written.

Even cosmetic or theatrical contact lenses should only be purchased after consulting an eye care professional. While cosmetic and theatrical contact lenses can be bought everywhere costume stores to beauty salons it is important for them to be fitted by an eye care professional. In addition, you should visit the eye doctor regularly after you begin wearing these contacts in order to avoid developing infections and other issues.

Now that you know how to choose the right contact lenses, be sure to put these tips into practice the next time you pick out a pair. If you have any further questions about choosing the right contact lenses, we would be happy to assist you. To schedule an appointment, visit

How Sunglasses Can Save Your Eyesight

In addition, to being a must-have fashion accessory, sunglasses are an important tool for keeping your eyes safe from harmful UV radiation. UV exposure can increase your risk for developing eye related diseases such as cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and even cancer of the eye and eyelid. And because ultraviolet rays can have a detrimental effect on your eyesight, it is imperative to wear good quality sunglasses to protect your eyes from harm.

Things to Consider

The damage caused by UV rays is cumulative and may not appear until later in life which is why it is so important to start protecting your eyes at an early age. Children are particularly susceptible to the harmful effects of UV radiation. This is because their pupils are much larger than adults and therefore they take in more UV rays. Because of this, it is important for parents to always to make sure their children have sunglasses on when they are outside for long periods.

Sunglasses don’t just protect your eyes from UV radiation they also protect them from dust and other airborne particles that may harm your eyes.
Non-prescription sunglasses are just as protective as prescription sunglasses provided they have the same UV protection and lens size.

While you can find contact lenses that are designed to protect your eyes from UV rays they do not provide comprehensive eye protection because they leave your eyelids exposed. And because the eyelids are a frequent cancer location, it’s important for those whose wear contacts also wear non-prescription sunglasses.

You should always wear your sunglasses when you’re outside, but it’s especially important to wear them during peak sunlight hours roughly between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. when the UV rays are at their strongest.

You should wear sunglasses even when it’s cloudy outside to protect your eyes from UV rays.

Wearing a wide brim hat can also protect your eyes from UV radiation. Try pairing with sunglasses for maximum protection

Be sure to wear sunglasses all year round not just in the summer months.

An added benefit to wearing sunglasses is that they protects your eyes from developing wrinkles and other signs of aging.

What to Look for When Choosing Sunglasses:

  • Look for sunglasses that block 99 to 100% of UVA and UVB rays.
  • Those that do a lot of driving or boating should consider getting polarized sunglasses to reduce glare.
  • Bigger sunglasses offer better protection.
  • Costly sunglasses do not necessarily provide the best protection.
  • Darker sunglasses do not necessarily protect better than tints. Always read the label and base your choice on the amount of UV protection they provide.
  • When in doubt speak to an eye care professional before making a purchase.

Now that you know how sunglasses can save your eyesight be sure always to wear a pair to protect your eyes. If you have further questions about what sunglasses to choose, please feel free to contact us, we’d be happy to help. If you need to book an appointment with us just visit

Eye Floaters and Flashers: Should I Be Concerned?

Eye floaters are specks, flecks, spots and cobwebs that appear in your field of vision. In addition, eye flashers are flickers of light or the appearance of lightning bolts that are not there. Both are quite common in fact 7 out of 10 people have experienced the phenomenon of eye flashers and floaters. And while in most cases eye floaters and flashers are harmless, they can be a symptom of a severe eye condition.

What causes eye floaters and flashers?

The eyes is filled with vitreous gel which helps the eye keep its shape and also allows light to pass through it. When we’re young the gel is liquid and fluid, but as we age, the gel begins to thicken. As the gel thickens, particles can become trapped inside of the gel, casting shadows as light passes through the eye. These shadows move as the gel moves around in the eye, which gives the appearance of floating. Eye floaters are more visible if you stare at a light, clean backgrounds such as a white wall or an overcast sky.

When the Gel shrinks, it pulls on the Retina and Causes Blood Vessels to Burst.

This happens if there’s a small Hemorrhage in the eye and can be seen as black dots, a cloud of gnats or smoke. These floaters will dissipate when the blood is reabsorbed but can last for several months.

Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD)

This happens when the vitreous gel actually pulled away from the retina. The debris that is forms because of the dislodgement can be seen as floating specks and flecks.

Eye flashers are caused by the retina being physically touched or tugged and an electrical impulse being created and then seen as a flash or a bolt of light.

When should I be concerned?

In most cases eye floaters and flashers are not dangerous and will dissipate over time. However, a sudden onset of a high concentration of floaters and flashers together can be an indication of a retinal tear or detachment, which is a medical emergency. When the retina is dislodged from the inner eye, there may be a small tear or hole which may cause the vitreous gel to enter the opening and push the retina further away. If left untreated, it can cause significant and permanent vision loss. Other symptoms that may occur in the event of retinal detachment are the loss of peripheral vision, the appearance of a shadow moving toward the middle of the eye and vision becoming blurry and distorted. Surgery is the only treatment for retinal detachment and if you experience any of these symptoms you should see an eye doctor immediately. The sooner you seek medical attention, the more likely more likely it is your vision will be saved.

How are they treated?

In most cases eye floaters and flashers do not require any further treatment. However, in some instances, they can be so annoying that medical treatment is warranted. The vitreous gel can be replaced by a saline solution this procedure is called a vitrectomy. However, over most patients find that the need to rid themselves of eye floaters and flashers. Laser vitreolysis is a new, safer and highly effective treatment for floaters and flashers.

Now that you have more information about eye floaters and flashers hopefully it helps you decide whether you need to reach out to an Eye Care Professional. If you have further questions about eye floaters and flashers, please contact us soon. And schedule a consultation visit

Dry Eyes: When Tears Don’t Do Their Job

Although you may believe tears are only formed for crying, they are actually extremely necessary for general health and wellness. In general, tears are your body’s way of reliving stress, sadness, grief, anxiety, and frustration. But when it comes to your specific eye health, tears are also equally important. Healthy tears lubricate your eyes, remove irritants in your eyes, reduce stress hormones in your body, and release antibodies that ward of pathogens in your eyes.

However, when your tears don’t properly do their job you can contract what is called dry eye syndrome. While dry eye syndrome isn’t dangerous in any way, it is a painful condition that can cause itchiness, reddening, light sensitivity and blurring of vision. Although there are many symptoms of dry eye syndrome, the condition is usually caused by inadequate moisture that builds up in your tear glands and the tear ducts. This can lead to inflammation and the formation of excessive tears and mucus on your eyes. With that in mind, here are some ways that your tears can become insufficient in quality, and what you can expect in terms of symptoms.

How Can Your Tears Become Insufficient In Quality?

Healthy tears contain a robust combination of oil, water and mucus. The oil in your tears helps to prevent them from evaporating before they have lubricated your glands. This occours not just when you cry, but also when smoke, exhaust or other chemicals get in your eyes in order to flush them out. The mucus helps spread the tears evenly across your eyes, lubricating every prat of the glands and the eyes themselves. An insufficiency of either oil, mucus, or the water for the tears themselves can cause dry eyes.

The most likely cause of a deficiency in either oil, water or mucus in your tears is age. In fact, dry eyes are largely considered a normal part of the aging process. It is widely estimated that dry eye syndrome effects nearly 5 million American who are 50 and over. Dry eye syndrome is much more common in women after menopause. It disproportionately effects women at about twice the rate as men and can be damaging for women who go through premature menopause.

There are other factors that can contribute to contracting dry eye syndrome aside for natural aging. These include taking certain medications, such as certain antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, and blood pressure regulators. Other medical conditions can also bring on dry eye syndrome, particularly ones that attack your immune system, including diabetes,rheumatoid arthritis, and thyroid problems. Dry eye syndrome may also be brought on by environmental factors, such as being exposed to an excess of smoke, wind or dry and sticky air, or even long term contact lens use or laser eye surgery.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of dry eye syndrome, and feel that your tears are insufficiency lubricating your eyes, you should consult a medical professional so that you can begin to receive immediate treatment, both for the health of your eyes and to improve your overall quality of life.

Driving Safely with Aging Eyes

Once your vision begins to go due to age, you may think that it is unsafe to drive a car. However, it is completely possible to still drive safely once your vision begins to age if you’re careful. As driving is fundamental to a person’s freedom and sense of self, it makes sense that people would want to be able to drive as long as possible. If you are going to drive into your senior years though, you need to be aware of your vision limitations and how they will affect your driving. With that in mind, here are some tips you can use to make sure that you drive safely as your eyes age, both for yourself and for other drivers.

Problems That Affect Your Eyes As They Age

In order to successfully drive with aged eyes, you need to be aware of the problems that can and will occur and how this will affect your driving. For one, your eyes will lose a certain amount of flexibility, which will make it harder for you to focus on fast moving objects on the road or change your focus quickly. This will also make it more difficult to drive at night, as the headlights of other cars will make refocusing on the on the road difficult. Make sure that you focus solely on the road and don’t get distracted, as you need to keep in mind that your eyes will be more sensitive to brightness and that your peripheral vision will make hazards on the road less obvious.

What You Need To Do To Drive More Safety

Once you are aware of what problems your aged vision is causing, it will be easier to drive around them and be safe and careful on the road. If you have any sort of vision disorder, you should be wearing eyeglasses while driving, as this will improve your focus and help you to detect any vision problems you may have not been aware of. You should also go for regular eye exams and check your mirrors and blind spots frequently, as your vision will be less reliable as you age.

If you make sure that you are driving in safe conditions and using a clean and reliable vehicle, you will have less problems on the phone. While you will always need to compensate for your aged vision, being safe and driving at appropriate speeds will allow you to take risk and maintain the freedom that driving a vehicle provides.

Do You Need Glasses? How to Find Out

Whether you’re born with eyesight that needs correcting or you develop eye issues later in life, wearing glasses may be the ideal way to correct your vision problem. It is crucial for those who need glasses to wear them in order to avoid serious and long term complications with their eyes. If you think you may need glasses it is important to speak to an eye care professional as soon as possible and get properly examined.

Two main types of vision

Nearsighted: People who are nearsighted have trouble focusing on things that are far away. Nearsighted people actually have vision that is too strong and because of this they can only focus on things right in front of them. This is why nearsighted prescription has minus signs, because your eyesight needs to be lessened in order for you to see objects that are far away.
It is important, especially for children that are nearsighted to have their vision corrected immediately, if not they run the risk of developing lazy eye, which occurs with nearsighted people that don’t get their vision corrected.

Farsighted: Farsighted people have difficulty focusing on things that are close to them. If a person is farsighted their eyes have to work overtime just to focus on things that are in front of them. This can cause fatigue, headaches and nausea.

You need glasses if:

  • You are constantly bumping into things or tripping over things.
  • You are experiencing a lot of headaches.
  • You have to sit too close to digital screens like your modem or TV.
  • You have difficulty reading.
  • You have trouble seeing far away or close up.
  • You have difficulty focusing.
  • You experience fatigue and nausea.
  • You’re constantly squinting or rubbing your eyes.
  • You find driving, especially at night difficult.

You have astigmatism which causes your vision to be blurry. Most people who have astigmatism also are far or nearsighted as well.

It is also important to make sure that your prescription or reading glasses are not too strong for you. Wearing glasses that are too strong can cause headaches, fatigue and nausea. You know your glasses are too strong if you are experiencing any of these symptoms and if you find yourself holding things too close to your face in order to focus on them. If your glasses are too strong it is important to get this corrected right away because wearing glasses that strain your eyes can weaken your eyesight further.

Be sure to have fun while getting your glasses and personalize the frames and features to your liking and specifications. Whether you choose glasses that are shatterproof or glare resistant, you should take your lifestyle and personality into account before making a decision.

Now that you know some signs that you need may need glasses be sure to schedule a consultation with an eye care professional to be properly diagnosed. If you have any further questions about getting glasses, please contact us. And to schedule, an appointment just visit

Could Daily Aspirin Harm Seniors Eyes?

Many studies have found that regular aspirin usage over extended periods of time can significantly increase your risk of developing age-related macular degeneration or AMD. In fact, it has been shown that adults that use aspirin regularly over a ten-year period are 63% more likely to develop AMD. And because 20% of adults take aspirin regularly this increased risk affects a large amount of the population. Here’s what we know about aspirin, AMD and what you can do to lessen your risk.

What is AMD?

Age-related macular degeneration or AMD is a degenerative disorder that affects the central part of the retina, which is a light sensitive group of cells at the back of the eye. The main part of the eye that is effective is called the macula and the damage caused to this section of the eye results in the progressive loss of central vision however in most cases peripheral vision was not affected. There are two types of AMD, dry and wet, and it is important to understand the differences in order to treat them properly. The dry type of disorder accounts for nine out of ten cases that are diagnosed and progresses slowly over a number of years. Dry type AMD is less serious than the wet type of this disorder. Between 10% and 15% of people diagnosed with AMD have the wet type of this disorder. Wet type progresses rapidly and can cause bleeding under the macula. Wet type is severe and needs to be treated immediately in order to minimize vision loss. Aspirin usage increases the risk for both dry and wet type AMD.

Are there treatments?

Visudyne Photodynamic therapy, as well as laser surgery, has proven to be effective ways to treat wet AMD. While dry AMD can be successfully treated with dietary and vitamin supplements. Primarily dry AMD can be treated with zinc, beta carotene, lutein, copper, vitamin C and E. In addition, studies have found that eating a diet high in antioxidants (particularly those found in green leafy vegetables such as kale and spinach) can greatly slow down and lessen the effects of AMD. You should also incorporate a serving of fatty fish into your diet at least once a week or take fish oil supplements as that a diet rich Omega-3s also slows the onset of AMD.

Other Facts

Just because regular aspirin usage can increase your risk for both dry and wet AMD that does not mean you should discontinue your aspirin regimen, particularly if you are on one because of your increased risk of stroke or heart attack. It’s important to speak to both your health and eye care professionals before making any changes to your aspirin regimen.

Now that you know more information about how daily aspirin usage may harm the eyes of seniors be sure to discuss your aspirin usage with an eye care professional. And if you have any further concerns about aspirin and AMD contact us today. And to set up an appointment for you or any of your loved ones visit

Surgery Options for Correcting Myopia

Myopia, also known as near nearsightedness, is one of the most common eye disorders. As a result, there are many options to correct myopia, including surgical procedures. These surgical procedures generally fall under the category of laser eye surgery. There are several options within laser eye surgery that can be used to correct myopia. With that in mind, here are the options that you can choose and a breakdown of their pros and cons for treating myopia.

Different Types of Laser Eye Surgery

Before laser eye surgery, doctors used a procedure called radial keratotmy to correct the symptoms of myopia. In radial keratotmy, a select number of incisions were made in the cornea to alter its shape and affect how it refracted light. Fortunately, laser eye surgery is a much more simple procedure with a much higher rate of success.

LASIK Eye Surgery

LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) is now the preferred form of laser eye surgery because it has a greater depth of treatment in comparison to traditional laser eye surgery. Recovery time on LASIK eye surgery is also quicker and the surgery can be done as an outpatient procedure if no complications occur. LASIK eye surgery is performed by a surgical instrument being used in conjunction with a laser to fold back a flap of the corena and reshape the tissue behind it to correct vision. While complications are not common, do keep in mind that LASIK eye surgery can cause damage if you have thin corneas or have had previous complications from past eye surgeries.

Photorefractive Keratectomy

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) is the other major option to correct myopia, and it is an extension of radial keratotmy with the addition of lasers. Prior to the widespread use of LASIK eye surgery, PRK was the standard option for elective eye surgery. PRK uses a laser directly on the surface of the cornea instead of underneath the cornea to reshape the curvature of the eye. It takes about two to three days for the cornea to heal after PRK surgery. If you have a eye condition such as dry eyes, your medical professional may opt for PRK surgery, as it is less likely to complicate existing conditions or disorders.

Ultimately, your medical professional will decide which type of laser eye surgery is the right choice for you. Make sure to heed their advice carefully during your consultation and make an informed decision about how to best clear up myopia and be able to view objects nearby without blurred vision again.

First Aid Tips for Four Common Eye Injuries

An essential part of keeping your eyes healthy is knowing what to do should they sustaining an injury. While it is important to see an eye care professional in the event of an injury is also important to apply the proper first aid to avoid permit damage. Here are some first aid tips for four common eye injuries. Be sure to follow these steps should you sustain any of these injuries

If your eye gets cut or punctured

If you sustain this type of an injury, you require immediate medical attention. However, there are steps you can take to avoid making your injury worse before going to the eye doctor or the emergency room. Firstly, it is important not to rub your eyes or try to remove anything from it. In order to avoid irritating your eye, you should place something rigid and circular over it as a protective layer, for example, you could cut out the bottom of a paper cup. Be sure not to put any pressure on your eyes you can avoid this by gently taping the protective cover over your eye. After you’ve secured your protective cover, seek emergency medical attention.

If you get objects in your eye

It is important to not rub your eye or try to remove the object by hand because you may accidentally scratch your cornea. Instead, you can try removing the object by using a damp Q-tip to flush out your eye. Or you could use eyewash or water to rinse out your eye. If none of these things are available to you, it is always possible to remove the object by making yourself cry it out. After you treated it, you may need to visit an eye care professional to be sure the object has been removed.

If you get chemicals in your eye

It is important to flush out your eye immediately should you sustain this type of injury or else you risk permit damage to your eye. Stand underneath the shower or hold your head under the faucet to flush out your eye and use both hands to hold your eye open. Flush your eye out for 15 minutes and get immediate medical care afterward.

If you sustained a blow to the eye

You should apply a cold compress or ice pack to your eye to reduce pain and swelling. Be sure to hold the compress or ice pack to your eye gently without applying any pressure. Keeping your head elevated will also reduce the swelling. If you continue to experience pain or if there is a change in your vision be sure to see an eye care professional as soon as possible.

Now that you know some first aid tips for four of the most common eye injuries be sure to utilize them in the event that you sustain any of these injuries. If you have any further questions about first aid for eye injuries, feel free to contact us. And if you need to schedule an appointment, simply visit

Say Goodbye To Dry Eyes

If your eyes fail to produce enough tears, or the quality of your tears offer insufficient lubrication, then you may be suffering from dry eye syndrome.


In order to determine whether you have dry eye syndrome, your eye care professional will need to perform a comprehensive eye exam. This exam may consist of:

Patient History

Your eye care professional will need to establish whether you have any family history of dry eye. Moreover, he or she will need to note any medical conditions, allergies, or medications that may be causing your eyes to dry out. You will also be asked whether you work or live in an environment that may be causing or exacerbating your dry eye condition.

Eye Examination

A number of eye conditions could lead to dry eye. Your eye care professional will want to examine your retina, eyelids, and even tear ducts. He or she may also want to observe how often you blink per minute, to determine if you are blinking enough to adequately distribute your tears.

Tear Analysis

Your eye care professional will want to run a dye test to record the quantity and quality of the tears that you produce. This test can also check for any eye damage that may result from dry eye syndrome.

Dry Eye Treatments


If you wake up with dry, itchy eyes, apply a small amount of eye ointment to the corners of your eyes before bed. The ointment will prevent your eyes from drying out overnight, and can also help prevent you from developing any inflammation due to dry eye.

Eye Inserts

Lacrisert is a lubricating insert prescribed to dry eye sufferers. Simply place the insert in the pocket of the lower eyelid in the morning, and the insert will dissolve and gradually release tears throughout the day.

Artificial Tears

While over-the-counter artificial tears may be insufficient to help those suffering from chronic dry eye, they may provide relief for those experiencing mild or occasional dry eye. Be sure to choose a brand that is preservative-free: these brands have fewer additives and are less likely to cause eye irritations.

Dietary Changes

Eye care professionals have found that increasing your intake of omega-3 fatty acids can significantly improve your eye lubrication. Fish like salmon and mackerel are excellent sources of omega-3s, and you can also take supplements.


This prescription drug helps to lubricate your eyes, and can prevent damage caused by chronic dry eye. Just apply one drop in each eye twice a day, and you will notice improved tear production.

Tear Duct Plugs

Silicone or collagen plugs may be placed in your tear ducts to prevent them from draining, and to help with maintaining lubrication.

Changing Medication

If your dry eyes are caused by a specific medication, speak to your physician about switching to a different prescription.


In severe cases, a doctor may perform surgery to permanently close your tear ducts, preventing them from draining in order to maintain moisture in your eyes. This process is a simple outpatient procedure.

If you or someone you know is suffering from chronic dry eye, schedule a consultation with Dr. Ghosheh today for a detailed eye examination.